“I do not doubt that in the course of time this new science will be improved by further observations, and still more by true and conclusive proofs. But this need not diminish the glory of the first observer. My regard for the inventor of the harp is not mad less by knowing that his instrument was very crudely constructed and still more crudely played. Rather, I admire him more than I do the hundreds of craftsmen who in ensuing centuries have brought this art to the highest perfection…”
“To apply oneself to great inventions, starting from the smallest beginnings is no task for ordinary minds; to divine that wonderful art lie hid behind trivial and childish things is a conception for superhuman talents.”
This quote from Galileo Galilei from the Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is applicable to the inventors of the past and the present. Many of the things today have been improved, but there will be no improvement, if an innovative idea did not exist. Cellphones, for example has taken a step further to improve the way people communicate. Mobile phones such as android phones, smartphones, and iPhone are made and are still being developed to improve a better way of communication. Such developments in communication, however, will not exist if the radio was not created which is considered the origin of the mobile phone2. Having an idea of creating a more efficient way of communication, a person developed a phone. Since then, developments on the product has been a trend in the market. Today, ideas are highly recognize whether the idea is about developing a product, or reverse engineering a product.
In the past, specifically the Renaissance period, ideas of machines, and other things are also recognize although the belief during the time was God could only create things. Ideas of some people, unfortunately, are not realistic because some people only want to gain fame and money during the time. On the contrary, there are notable inventors who created, and discover things for the improvement of human knowledge, and the economy. This includes, Paolo Toscanelli, Filippo Brunelleschi, Leone Battista Alberti, Georgius Agricola, Galileo Galilei, and Nicolas Copernicus.
Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli is a Florentine astronomer and cosmographer. He studied at University of Padua and earned a doctor of medicine degree. He went back to Florence and studied different branches of sciences and mathematics. Toscanelli’s friend, Nicholas of Cusa, wrote a book,"Mathematica complementa", that has a dialogue with Toscanelli in which Toscanelli had also found “squaring of the circle”. Toscanelli also excelled in sciences specifically in astronomy. He observed the orbits of comets such as the Halley’s Comet. Further, he supported the idea of Marco Polo that the continent of Asia is elongated and the world is round. Besides, because of his thorough observations, calculations, and Marco Polo’s book as a reference about Asian countries, he was able to...