This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Rene Descartes Essay

2268 words - 10 pages

While the scientific revolution brought many integral philosophical thinkers to the forefront, few made the impact than Rene Descartes. Descartes metaphysical, mathematical, and theological contributions can not only be seen as some of the contributing influences to modern societies aiding future discovery in other various sciences but also as setting the stage for the coming humanist movement, putting an increased emphasis on the individual. Descartes was one of the earliest scholars to move away from the writings of the classics, earning him the title of the father of modern philosophy.
While growing in a Bourgeois family in La Haya, France, Descartes became educated in liberal arts and ...view middle of the document...

In the year 1628, Descartes moved to the Netherlands, a place in which he would spend a majority of the rest of his life, and in 1629 he began working on his work “The World” in which he would begin to explain some of the true principles that exist in the world by using various concepts of physics instead of considering them various works of god, as well as portraying various heliocentric views of the solar system.
Descartes first true contribution to modern times comes in the form of his “Discourse of the Method” or “Rules for the Direction of the Mind” in which was written during what could be considered the most turbulent time of Descartes life in which he had lost his child. While many of his earlier works were diminished due to the increasing fear of the censorship of the Catholic Church, especially following the condemnation of Galileo, the “Discourse of the Method” was no different, first being published after Descartes death in 1684. What has become known as Descartes most important work, the “Discourse of the Method” dives into the true way to acquire knowledge by using what may be considered the scientific method. Many of the steps found in this methodology have the foundation of disregarding all previous knowledge that may exist in your mind, investigating only what we can perceive and be entirely certain of, and arranging them in a methodology to find all truths. Many of the ideas found scattered throughout this work can be seen as the foundations for all of Descartes future works as well as be considered the foundation for true scientific learning, as well as the clear break away from the church and the teachings of the classics. While each of Descartes works dive into various controversial topics the fundamental ideas found within the “Discourse of the Method” could be seen as a stepping-stone to future educational thinking and beliefs.
How could a singular methodology be such an important turning point in Early Modern Europe? “By disowning in the individual himself the essential intrinsic dependence of our present knowledge on our past, which makes our establishment in truth, humanly speaking necessary” . By allowing each individual to question and go against any previous learning Descartes brought to the forefront the problems that exist within what was known then as absolute knowledge. Also in a time that was defined by various censorships placed on society by the Catholic Church, all learning and truths were passed down through the church and various institutions that held some sort of power. Descartes methodology had attempted to make learning and the foundation of education a singular ideal. This could be seen in many of the wording found scattered throughout the discourse, and proven further with all of Descartes’ proceeding works. While using few secular words instead he relies heavily of the singular experience of the knowledge that exists within one’s own mind.
This idea of knowledge and ideas existing within...

Find Another Essay On Rene Descartes

Rene Descartes: Trouble Kid Essay

903 words - 4 pages If we go back to school days and think about the “trouble kid”, the pal who make us get into troubles, the one who complicates everything, we could think about Rene Descartes in that way! Until his works, the world of philosophy was driven for a natural thought: we can think about things that we see and trust in our thoughts. The philosophy went from object that appeared to subject that thought it. After Descartes, there is a big turn, because

Rene Descartes' True Intelligence Essay

1117 words - 5 pages the world, even if “the dilemma” was forgetting your lunch money. Continuously, the lines between maturity and immaturity, good from bad, wrong from right, are very distinguished. This truth has forced me to see the world with new, improved eyes. Before Rene Descartes’ wisdom appeared in my life, I believed that to be considered “smart”, I had to earn perfect grades and be in the best classes. Now that I have been exposed to the truth, I have

The Meditations of Rene Descartes

700 words - 3 pages The Meditations of Rene Descartes In 1916 Rene Descartes wrote "What I wish to finish is . . . an absolutely new science enabling one to resolve all questions proposed on any order of continuos or discontinuous quantities." (p8 Methods & Meditations). He made this ambitious statement at the young age of twenty-three. Rene's ambition would take him far but it kept him from becoming the Aristotle of the modern age. The Meditations were an

Meditations on First Philosophy, by Rene Descartes

1548 words - 6 pages In Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy, he talks about the distinction between God and existence. This paper is going to argue that in Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy, Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, both are contrasting how we know that God really exists and how we know what we perceive in this world actually exists as well. This essay will start by talking all about Rene Descartes and his ideas around the

Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy

1791 words - 7 pages In Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes does and experiment with wax to try to prove that things actually exist in this world. This essay is going to prove how we can tell that things actually exist and what can perceive the wax. Rene Descartes starts off with a description of the wax so he can prove to us the changes that will happen throughout his experiment. “Let us take, for instance, this

Rene Descartes: French Mathematician and Philosopher

2243 words - 9 pages Rene Descartes: An Author Study Rene Descartes was a 17th Century mathematician and French Philosopher whose life's work focused on providing a new prospective on the human perception of reality. The definition of this reality is seen as Descartes greatest life goal. Coined as the "Father of Modern Philosophy," (Cunningham & Reich, 2010, p. 385), Descartes laid the groundwork the philosophy and reality as we perceive it today. Descartes

Meditation on First Philosophy by Rene Descartes

1545 words - 6 pages “Cogito ergo sum - I think therefore I am.” A mathematician, scientific thinker, and metaphysician Rene Descartes used this term in his “Meditation on First Philosophy.” This term has become famous especially in western philosophy. However, this term was not Descartes only legacy. His legacies include the development of the Cartesian coordinates, philosophical books, and theories. Even though the distinction between mind and body can be traced

Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy

1968 words - 8 pages Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy Rene Descartes’ third meditation from his book Meditations on First Philosophy, examines Descartes’ arguments for the existence of God. The purpose of this essay will be to explore Descartes’ reasoning and proofs of God’s existence. In the third meditation, Descartes states two arguments attempting to prove God’s existence, the Trademark argument and the traditional Cosmological argument

Analysis of Rene Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy

1559 words - 6 pages Rene Descartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy Rene Descartes set the groundwork for seventeenth century rationalism, the view opposed by the empiricist school of thought. As a rationalist, Descartes firmly believed in reason as the principal source of knowledge. He favoured deduction and intellect over the senses and because of this he did not find comfort in believing that his opinions, which he had developed in his youth, were credible. It

Existence of God. A look at Rene Descartes' theory

1307 words - 5 pages with all the modern technologies and the development of sciences, we still do not have a definitive answer to the question 'does God exist?'Among many philosophers and scholars who have tried to answer this question, we shall look upon Rene Descartes' theory on the existence of God. In terms of believers and non-believers, Descartes would be one of the believers. Before we go any further, we must ponder upon several questions. What is God? Does God

Thomas Hobbes and Rene Descartes: The Science of Man

1390 words - 6 pages In this paper I intend to examine the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and Rene Descartes, in particular their ideas relating to the science of man, and attempt to explain why their ideas prove that it is not possible to construct a science of man. I will also briefly mention the philosophy of Donald Davidson in regards to a science of man. The theories of Hobbes and the contemporary socio- biologists attempt to

Similar Essays

Rene Descartes Essay

1091 words - 4 pages Rene Descartes was a famous French mathematician, scientist and philosopher. He was arguably the first major philosopher in the modern era to make a serious effort to defeat skepticism. His views about knowledge and certainty, as well as his views about the relationship between mind and body have been very influential over the last three centuries. Descartes was born at La Haye (now called Descartes), and educated at the Jesuit College of La

Rene Descartes Essay

1259 words - 5 pages "I think, therefore I am" Rene Descartes was a man obsessed with finding things out for himself, an intellectual who contributed to the field of psychology. Born in the 16th century, Descartes grew up in a society where ideas, thoughts and perceptions were not questioned but were supposed to be understood and supported. While growing up and through his studies, Descartes began to make strides in the fields of philosophy, mathematics and

Rene Descartes Essay

1009 words - 5 pages Rene Descartes lived from 1596 to 1650. He was a French mathematician, philosopher, and anatomist. He contributed to modern ideas, mainly those associated with science, rational thought, and the scientific method.He was born in La Haye, a city in central France. His father was a lawyer and left him an annual income for life. He attended the college of Henri IV at La Fleche when he was 10, ordered by his father. Descartes left La Fleche in 1614

Rene Descartes Bio Essay

598 words - 2 pages Rene DescartesRene Descartes, the founder of modern philosophy and Father of Modern Mathematics, was born on March 31st, 1596 in La Hayne (now called Descartes), Touraine, France. He was an amazing Philosopher who completely changed the world of arithmetic; he influenced many throughout the 17th century up till modern day.His only parent was his father; his mother died a few days after his birth. His father, Joachim Descartes was a Councilor of