Unique features of renewable energy have caused increasing demands for such these resources. Given that the expected lifetime of offshore wind farm is at least 20 years, the best location and configuration of wind farms in a large region is important information for policy makers. Different factors may effect on the selection of a suitable location for wind plants. Cost analysis, environmental features and geographical indicators must studied to use offshore wind energy as a natural resource. However, visual disamenity is considered. This article presents an integrated approach for location of offshore wind plants with Fuzzy Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). DEA model is treated on a fuzzy basis Due to ambiguousness associated with location allocation guidelines; and a recent possibilistic programming approach is used to convert the fuzzy DEA model to an equivalent crisp one. Moreover, comparative experiments are applied for discussion about the equivalence of output result. This is the first study that presents an integrated socio-economical approach for identification of optimum location especially distance from shore of offshore wind farm. This would help policy makers to identify the preferred strategy for location optimization problems. As a case study in this article, the Kish Island in Iran is considered.
The optimal location and configuration of renewable power plants and distributed generation source of energy is important for strategic decision-making, and sustainable development especially in developing countries. However, for establishment and development of renewable energy determining the priority and advantage of different locations is a crucial factor.
Due to continue increasing in global demand for renewable energy (Landry et al., 2012); Wind power, as a renewable source of energy is an excellent solution in environmental terms for future electricity consumption. Despite of conventional form of energy production with environmental impact, the impacts of wind energy are low, local, and manageable. Wind energy is freely available and could be easily controlled to reduce our reliance on hydrocarbon-based energy and have an appropriate potential for supplying energy in the remote areas. However, the significance of wind energy originates from its friendly behavior to the environment and national security is associated with traditional sources of energy.
These unique features of wind energy have caused increasing in demands for such resources in various countries. Stats and results represent that wind energy is the world’s fastest growing type of energy (Bilgili et al., 2011). Many countries have invested increasingly in wind power, over the past decade. In 2011, these projects made up more than 28% of the $260 billion investment in clean energy projects in Europe (Global Wind Energy Council, 2011). Although most of existing wind farms have been built on the land and the vast majority of wind power is generated from onshore wind farms...