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Report On Management Functions

2410 words - 10 pages

Executive summaryThe theory of Management has seen many different approaches to overcoming work place conflict and structural challenges through out history. There are four major functions of management: planning, organizing, leading and controlling. For thousands of years, managers have wrestled with the same issues and problems confronting. After industrial revolution, large corporations need formal management theory to guide their practise. Then in the early 1900s, the first step toward developing a theory was taken. Either in industrial age or in information age, those four functions are essential to management, and their relations even closer now. The four functions are used to apply on the resources of the organization. Compared with the industrial age, as the development of new technologies, management are facing new problems on an everyday basis now, four functions of management are inter-related in some manners.Table of contents1. Introduction 12. Assumptions 13. Situation analysis 23.1 Planning 23.2 Organising 33.3 Leading 53.4Controlling 64. Alternative options 75. Recommendation 8Reference a1. Introduction"Management is creative problem solving. This creative problem solving is accomplished through four functions of management: planning, organizing, leading and controlling"(Robbins, Bergman, Stagg and Coulter 2003). The intended result is the use of an organization's resources in a way that accomplishes its mission and objectives. These resources include people, jobs or positions, technology and equipment, materials and suppliers, information and money. The nature of management involves effectively applying these four functions to achieve organizational success (Spulber 2001). In the industrial-age, organizational structures were derived from such institutions as the Roman Catholic Church and the 19th century Prussian general staff. This framework sees the manager as the boss and everyone else as the subordinate. But In the information-age, not only leaders and managers hold the department together; employees also play an important role on it (Dessler 2001). The purpose of this report will discuss wether the four principal functions of management that were identified in the industrial age are just as relevant in the information age, and it is going to describe how these functions are applied to the organization during different time period.2. AssumptionsAs the world moves through the 21st Century, business is becoming more dependent upon professional managers, who can bring success to an organization (Ackerman 2000). An issue such as globalization and decentralization adds to the need for organization's to hire flexible managers capable of leading (Ryan, Parker and Brown 2003). In 21st century, managers should possess three traits and utilize them to lead organizations: the ability to stimulate change, excellent planning capabilities, and ethics. Therefore, the four principal functions of management play an important role compared...

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