Report On Behavioral Therapy Psychology And Its Effects On Depressions And Disorders. Behavioral Therapy

926 words - 4 pages

Behavior TherapiesThere are many therapies that are used in the treatment of psychological disorders although one stands above the rest, behavioral therapy. Behavioral therapies "focus only on changing a person's specific behavior in the present day" (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2004, pg. 146). "Research clearly indicates that the behavior of humans is best understood and ultimately managed by comprehensive strategies and techniques that consider not only what a person is doing but also why a person is demonstrating a particular behavior" (Olive, 2004, pg. 43). In order for an individual to overcome a mental disorder, they must first work on changing their behavior that is causing the psychological issues.There are many techniques for behavior change but there are two main groups that they can be categorized into. These are techniques for extinguishing unwanted behavior and techniques for learning desirable behavior.Systematic desensitization therapy is used on patients to "extinguish anxiety responses to stimuli and the maladaptive behavior that often accompanies anxiety" (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2004, pg. 146). In systematic desensitization therapy the client creates a hierarchy of feared stimuli. The list would range from the least feared stimuli to the most feared stimuli. To rid of the fear, the therapist would take the client through each hierarchy starting with the least feared and ask him or her to imagine the stimuli or even expose the client to the stimuli for a short period of time. Eventually the client will be able to face each feared stimuli.Modeling is often combined with systematic desensitization therapy. This is where the client observes his or her therapist interacting with their fear and noting that the therapist is not afraid and is in no harm. Being exposed directly to the stimuli is a latter method known as vivo exposure and generally has much stronger results than the client's imagination of the stimuli (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2004).Flooding or implosive therapy can also be used for psychological disorder treatment. These therapies involve "exposing clients to feared stimuli or situations to an excessive degree while preventing them from avoiding that situation" (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2004, pg. 147).The second major category is techniques for learning desirable behaviors. A lot of therapists reward their clients with something desired when the client shows positive nonpsychotic behavior, but withholds rewards when they act psychotic. Thus, in turn the client's behavior begins to change in a positive way because they want the reward and recognize when they behave appropriately they recieve the reward."Humans develop certain behaviors for reasons that seem to make sense at the time they are developed , and the altering or ceasing of such behavior is not accomplished with the snap of a finger" (Olive, 2004, pg. 43). Although behavioral therapy takes time, it has been proven highly successful in individuals with...

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