The purpose of this report is to outline the art and architecture of the Cathedral of St. Stephen and compare it to other churches around the world. It is also designed to analyse the aspects of St. Stephen’s architecture and its attempts to capture some of the unique experiences of people in Australia. Also analysed was how a Catholic community can impact the identity of its parishioner as well as the importance of belonging to a Catholic parish. The report finally concludes by looking at different universal understandings on the meaning what is a church.
1. The word cathedral means: The seed of power
2. The Catholic Cathedral for the Archdioceses of Brisbane is called St. Stephens Cathedral
3 Who was St. Stephen?
St Stephen was the first Martyr. He was stoned to death by a mob encouraged by St. Paul (King Saul) for speaking against the temple of Herod in Jerusalem and the law. He also was guilty of blasphemy against the names God and Moses.
4. The Catholic Archbishop of Brisbane is Archbishop John Bathersby
5. The times of masses at the cathedral are as follows:
Sunday: 8:00 am 10:00 am Solemn Mass, 12:00 noon, 7:30 pm
Monday – Friday: 8:00 am, 10:00 am, 12:30 pm, 5:10 pm
Saturday: 11:30 am, 6:00 pm
6. St. Stephens Cathedral was built in 1874
7. The little chapel beside St. Stephens Cathedral is called Pugin Chapel and was built in 1848.
8. What was the original purpose of the stained glass windows in the churches?
The purpose of the windows is to show significant historical events of importance. For example there are images of Jesus birth, the Crucifixion and depict images of the Saints. They are not just there for informative purposes but to allow people to reflect on the history of the church and their faith through iconology.
9. Identify three events that are depicted in the stain glass windows?
The rising saviour and the cowering solider
Risen Christ with the Virgin Mary
Risen Christ with Mary Magdalene
10. How does the crucifix over the Altar differ from others you have seen?
The crucifix is in a more modern format than the more traditional Crucifixes seen in many churches for example most crucifixes are in a 2D looking format were this one is detailed in a 3D aspect. The crucifix is also different as it only has a cross beam and no down beam.
11. Describe what you think the artist was trying to show. How effective do you think he was?
The artist was trying to show the different emotions and feelings that Jesus had. Since the crucifix is suspended in mid air it shows the resurrection, strength and power of Jesus. But since he is looking down it also shows his suffering, pain and the fact that he isn’t immortal.
12. Eucharistic Chapel
What do the following symbolise
Blue cross and water: the washing away of the sins
The cup and bread: Symbolizes the Eucharist and the taking of the body and blood of...