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Report On The Management Of Gonorhoea In Australia. "Report On The Management Of A Communicable Disease From Your Provided List"

2045 words - 8 pages

Table of contents1.0 Introduction2.0 Discussion2.1 Description of Gonorrhoea2.1.1 Cause/ spread2.1.2 History2.1.3 Symptoms2.1.4 Effects on human body2.1.5 Disease statistics2.2 Control strategies2.2.1 Management of Gonorrhoea to date2.2.2 Margin of error with current strategies2.3 Complications2.3.1 The anti-microbial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoea3.0 Conclusion4.0 Recommendations5.0 References1.0 IntroductionThis report is a focus on Australia's management of the sexually transmissible, notifiable disease, Gonorrhoea. The aim of this report is to discuss the cause and effects of gonorrhoea on human health in Australia, and assess current control strategies' efficacy and provide recommendations of management for future complications. By reading this report, you will get a clear understanding of what Gonorrhoea is, the causes of the disease and how it is spread, what the effects on human health are, what control strategies are currently in place and what may need to be done in the future.2.0Discussion2.1 Description of Gonorrhoea.2.1.1 Causes:Gonorrhoea is a communicable disease that is spread though sexual contact (vaginal, oral and anal) with another person and is caused by a bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, that grows and multiplies quickly in warm, moist areas of the body, namely the reproductive tract, the oral cavity and the rectum. It most often starts with an infection of the urethra (males) and cervix (females) but, if proper treatment is not applied, can spread to the throat (gonococcal pharyngitis); the vagina (vaginitis); and the anus and rectum in females, and in males the urethra (urethritis) and the anus and rectum (proctitis). In addition, the organisms may spread up the female reproductive tract, through the cervix and uterus, into the fallopian tubes causing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) in females (Matthews, 2001). The eyes and oral cavity can be infected when proper hygiene is not maintained ie. washing hands after using the toilet.2.1.2 History:Gonorrhoea is 2nd only to Chlamydia in terms of reported cases in Australia. In 2002, the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS) received 6,247 reports of gonococcal infection (Tapsall. 2003). This represents a rate of 31.8 cases per 100,000 population, showing a mild increase from 1991 (see fig.1). This rate remains far below the very high rates recorded in the 1970s and early 1980's, which peaked at 84.4 per 100,000 population in 1982. Despite enhanced gonococcal infection surveillance in southern Queensland including Brisbane and the Gold Coast, the notification rate in Queensland decreased by 16 per cent compared to 2001 (From 30 to 25 cases per 100,000 population), but doesn't appear to be following the current long-term trend.2.1.3 Symptoms/ effects on human body:Symptoms of Gonorrhoea are commonly mild, and infected females often have no symptoms. Once infected, the symptoms usually appear within 2-10 days if they are going to appear. Initial symptoms in...

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