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Reproductive Rights: Gendered Perspectives Essay

2422 words - 10 pages

The goal of this project is to provide a useful tool in more fully understanding the underlying principles of reproductive rights as a concept of human rights. This will be done by discussing the topics surrounding reproductive rights, as well as the interconnected relationships between the rights, entities, viewpoints, and individuals involved. The observations made in this paper will be utilized in a website. This provides a rich foundation for learning, not only through comfort of access, but through the use of more interactive-based learning tools. The information will help users analyze the subject in light of their own experiences and develop a more informed personal concept of reproductive rights.
Since the Renaissance of the 15th century, societal views have evolved drastically. One of the largest changes has been the realization of individualism, along with the recognition of inalienable human rights.(UDHR, A.1) This means that all humans are equal, free, and capable of thought; as such, the rights of one individual cannot infringe on another’s at risk of de-humanizing the infringed upon. The fact that humans have a set of natural rights is not contested in society today; the idea of human rights is a societal construction based on normative ethical codes. Human rights are defined from the hegemonic standpoint, using normative ethical values and their application to the interactions of individuals with each other and state bodies. Human rights laws are legislature put in place by the governing body to regulate these interactions.
Before any legislation could be implemented, a definition of human rights had to be compiled and accepted. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was approved in 1948 by the UN, which sought to establish aSome of the basic rights given include: freedom of choice, thought, religion and expression, equal treatment in all aspects, the right to food, shelter, healthcare, and education, and many more. These rights were defined in a way that they can be interpreted to apply to many situations and adapt to future human rights conflicts. The UDHR was not intended to be legally binding; it only provided the framework by which legislation regulating human rights could be established. Based on the UDHR, two internationally accepted treaties were written to create a legal structure to enforce protection of human rights. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights were ratified in 1966. These documents are based directly from the UDHR, expanding on the definition of and the restrictions to human rights.
Two separate documents were written to clarify the difference between two types of rights. Civil and political rights deal primarily with an individual’s relations with state or other bodies; protects against discrimination, provides right to freedom of speech, religion, press, and procedural fairness. ...

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