Republic Ancient Rome Essay

1300 words - 5 pages

The transition between a monarchy and republic for the ancient city of Rome was a long process filled with endless power struggles (Spielvogel 88). As Rome grew, more people wanted a piece of this newly great world power. Military was a huge part in ancient Rome because it provided all of Rome’s wealth needed for sustention. Accordingly, great military leaders were popular with the Roman people because they brought in the money. A lot of people gained power this way, but some were just born into a powerful family. However, during this time of unrest, people were desperate to gain power even if it meant murder. By this method many leaders died even if they did not gain power through the military. In the Roman Republic, many leader either gained power through unorthodox measures, or they were terminated to be stopped from attaining ultimate power and support.
According to legend, Romulus founded the great city of Rome (Spielvogel 87). Romulus and Remus were the twin sons of the god Mars and Rhea Silva (Hughes 16). They were orphaned and raised by a she wolf. In disagreement over the city, Romulus killed Remus for having objections about the city (Hughes 17). Furthermore, Romulus became the first leader and king of Rome. Romulus abruptly disappeared from the face of the earth, and no one knows for sure what happened to the first king of Rome. Needless to say, a precedent was set by Romulus because he killed his brother in order to obtain supported power (Hughes 19).
Due to the growing evidence that Rome was having economical problems in 130 B.C., the Gracchus brothers believed Rome’s problem was the decline of small farmers and wanted change (Spielvogel 101). Tiberius Gracchus was a member of the aristocracy and a new tribune. He suggested that illegally seized land should be given to poor city dwellers (Bingham 278). He defiantly bypassed the senate and had the council of plebs pass a land reform bill to return the stolen land to landless Romans (Spielvogel 101). Naturally, a lot of the perpetrators of the crime were rich landowning senators. The senators went into a rage and clubbed him to death (Bingham 278). Gaius Gracchus desired to follow in his brother’s footsteps with reform. Instead of sticking with the small farmers like his brother did, he expounded on Tiberius by helping the equestrian order (Spielvogel 101). Once again, the angry senators assassinated Gaius and all of his friends that helped him (Bingham 278). In ancient Rome, the leaders would do anything to keep their power including murder.
A time of great unrest in ancient Rome led to new leadership and successful generals obtaining more power than consuls (Tremble and King 18). Two generals that achieved enormous amounts of power were Marius and Sulla. Marius won battles in northern Africa which led to Marius running for consul (Spielvogel 101). Not only was Marius skilled at war, but also in the world of politics. However, he angered many senators because he supported reform...

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