History Of Agriculture Essay

1597 words - 6 pages

Agriculture is quite possibly the most important advancement and discovery that humanity has made. It produces the one thing that we need the most: food. It has been around since 9500 BC, and can be the oldest sign of mankind’s acumen and the development and evolving of our minds and creations. Agriculture has been mastered throughout hundreds of years and is one of our most important resources on Earth, along with water and fossil fuels. Although the older farming methods from ancient times seem somewhat mediocre and barbaric, they were very ingenious and advanced for that time period. Over thousands of years, we have improved the way agriculture is used, how land is cultivated, the various techniques of farming and irrigation, and the tools and mechanics used. Numerous things that we see as aboriginal today, such as using a hand plow, were extremely contemporary in ancient times, and played key roles in the development of man and society, since quick labor was not abundant before this time. We are now extremely advanced in agriculture and irrigation and the tools used to farm and grow and harvest crops. We have learned from our past and ancestors how to grow and evolve in our methods and have advanced forward greatly.
Agriculture has been around for about 11,000 years. Around 9.500 BC, the first signs of crops began to show up around the coastlines of the Mediterranean. Emmer and einkorn wheat were the first crops that started to show up in this area, with barley, peas, lentils, chick peas, and flax following shortly. For the most part, everyone was a nomad and just travelled along with where a herd went. This went on until around 7.000 BC, and then the first signs of sowing and harvesting appeared in Mesopotamia. In the first places of great civilization and cultivation, like Mesopotamia and Egypt, there was not much rain for the people to rely on. In Mesopotamia, they began to adapt ways for them to be able to farm and not have to rely on the rain. They started irrigation systems, where they dug pathways for water to flow so that they could have plentiful crops without worrying about having enough precipitation to provide for them. Along with their new irrigation systems, the Sumerians began domesticating animals. They developed ploughs, baskets, pottery, and many new forms of technology to help make growing and harvesting more convenient for them. Along with harvesting and domestication of animals, they began making settled communities since they no longer had to follow animals around to hunt them. In Egypt, they were able to predict the flooding of the Nile, since they relied on it for their crops to be abundant. They made complicated irrigation systems and were able to have a system that repeated annually based on the flooding of the Nile. The river would flood between June and October, and the crops would be planted at the end of the flooding, around October and November. They required minimal care because the soil was very rich in...

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