This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

History Of The Industrial Revolution Essay

1250 words - 5 pages

19th century: Machinery creaking, steam engine hissing, smoke blowing, heavy breathing; that is the sound of industry, the sound of progress.
The industrial growth revolutionized the business world, and the birth of a business class came with the birth of a prominent working class. The first workforce was composed of farmers from the factories’ surroundings and, especially in the textile industry, of women and children; after 1830 was composed more and more of immigrants. Living and working conditions were hard, and they got worse as the factories were increasing in size, number, and demands on employees. The workdays were long (even children were working at least 12 hours a day), salaries were low, and the establishments were crowded and noxious (Jones, 118). Some measure needed to be taken.
While the first industry was developing, working and living conditions of the working class in the 19th century were inhumane which led to the establishment of organizations, workers unions, and parties.

The origin of American industrialization goes back to 1790, when Samuel Slater, an English immigrant, created a small textile business in Pawtucket. By the end of the Anglo-American War of 1812, there were already hundreds of small factories.
In 1813 a group of wealthy merchants led by Francis Cabot Lowell, founded the Boston Manufacturing Company. This establishment was the first in the world to unify under a unique administration all the procedure of cotton transformation from raw material to the finished fabric (Jennings, 271). From cotton manufacturing, the Waltham-Lowell system was extended to other industries, and with the introduction of machinery, the wool industry was born too, the ironworks multiplied, and shoe factories got mechanized more and more (Jones, 117); but, “as economic growth advanced, so did inequality” (Vogel, 357).

In the agricultural society, children were helping their family businesses daily, and in the handicraft society they were apprentices since a very young age. That’s why with the rise of industry, using children as workers wasn’t considered a subject of controversy. They could be paid less and controlled more; furthermore, their tiny size allowed them to fit and move in poky places like mines for the coal industries (highly used in that period). Children weren’t only exploited; they also had to work in very unhealthy conditions, with risk of dying or getting permanently injured or disabled (Jennings, 268).
Women’s conditions weren’t better: they were rarely allowed to get an education, so, other than doing housework, they could work in factories, but they were paid less than men, for working as much as them. For instance, “in Philadelphia in the 1830s, mill women made an average of $2.25 per week compared to men’s average weekly earnings of $6.50 - $7.00” (Shelton, 377).
The first unions of working women were born in Rhode Island and New Hampshire in the 1820s, when some women went on strike from the textile mills and...

Find Another Essay On History of the Industrial Revolution

Effects of the Industrial Revolution Essay

871 words - 4 pages The Industrial Revolution, lasting between the 18th and 19th century, profoundly affected the people of Europe, North America, and other regions of the world. The revolution produced new exciting technological innovations. As a result, the socioeconomic climate and cultural aspects of Europe and North America were altered in an unprecedented manner. Industrial opportunities also lured the population away from agrarian lifestyles to more urban

Nature of the Industrial Revolution Essay

974 words - 4 pages Nature of the Industrial Revolution There has been much objection to the term because the word revolution suggests sudden, violent, unparalleled change, whereas the transformation was, to a great extent, gradual. Some historians argue that the 13th and 16th cent. were also periods of revolutionary economic change. However, in view of the magnitude of change between 1750 and 1850, the term seems useful. Dramatic changes in the social and economic

Imapact Of The Industrial Revolution

1117 words - 4 pages The Industrial Revolution was a time of dramatic change; the revolution brought out many advantages and progressed society itself. The most dominant country through the times of Industrial revolution was of course Great Britain. When reading the article by Braudel it?s clear to see that for fully understanding the aspects of industrial revolution and growth in Britain you must look at all factors that played a role. From the British agriculture

Effects of the Industrial Revolution

1319 words - 5 pages The Industrial Revolution that took place throughout the 18th and the 19th centuries had major effects which influenced every aspect of society and life such as, urbanization, imperialism and nationalism. The industrial revolution had an unfathomable effect on shaping the modern world to what it is today. Before the revolution, society revolved around farming and agriculture. There were only two social classes, the nobility and the working

Catalysts of the Industrial Revolution

571 words - 2 pages The Industrial Revolution was the major advancement of technology in the late 18th and early 19th century that began in Britain and spread to America.The national and federal government helped the United States grow into a self reliant nation with improvements in transportation, technology, manufacturing and the growth of the population. American had an economy based on manual labour which was replaced by one dominated by industry and the

Impact of Inventions of the Industrial Revolution

753 words - 4 pages “The Industrial Revolution was another of those extraordinary jumps forward in the story of civilization”. This quote by Stephen Gardiner pretty much summarizes a long, laborious period of time into a single 15-word quote. Urbanization, industrialization, and contamination, all formed part of this significant period of time in European history. Nevertheless, one aspect that better symbolized the Industrial Revolution was the sudden surge

The aftermath of the Industrial Revolution

957 words - 4 pages Beginning first in Great Britain, industrialization spread to the continental countries of Europe and the United States. In 1815, Belgium, France, and the German states were still largely agrarian. The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the mid eighteen hundreds. England was fortunate to have the right mix of an abundance of people, plenty of wealth, sufficient natural resources, new inventions, and a tolerant government, which allowed

The Causes of the Industrial Revolution

4892 words - 20 pages The Causes of the Industrial Revolution The causes of the Industrial Revolution were complex and remain a topic for debate, with some historians seeing the Revolution as an outgrowth of social and institutional changes wrought by the end of feudalism in Great Britain after the English Civil War in the 17th century. The Enclosure movement and the British Agricultural Revolution made food production more efficient and less labor-intensive

The Main Outcomes of the Industrial Revolution

3911 words - 16 pages The Main Outcomes of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution had a huge impact on society. The major effects were socially and economically. It is rather difficult to date the start of the industrial revolution but history books of today suggest the onset during the 18th century. The change from agriculture to industry was vast and it must be remembered that England was the first country to undergo this profound change. The

Design History essay: Design Development Since the Industrial Revolution

1445 words - 6 pages Design first started before the Industrial Revolution, but my report starts here. England was the center of this revolution, which was from the 1700's- 1850's. In the pre-industrial era, villages traded with other villages, and over time villages started to specialize in producing certain products to trade. As a result, a lot of gear was being designed. Many smart people were inventing machines, but when James Watts invented the steam engine

Outcomes of the Second Industrial Revolution: DBQ

624 words - 3 pages The Second Industrial Revolution had a wide range outcomes, depending on different kinds of people. For the upper-class, including Captains of Industry and the newly developed leisure class, the majority of the outcomes were positive. The working class, for whom the Industrial revolution ruined many of the things that they once held valuable, and the New Immigrants ultimately were affected with many negative outcomes. the rise of the Second

Similar Essays

Impact Of The Industrial Revolution On History

2059 words - 8 pages many great writers were born. Though these authors opinions on the different issues taking place during the enlightening yet difficult revolution of industrial growth, scientific advancement, and urbanization, differed significantly, they all had one thing in common: each wrote out a part of history and provided some measure of insight of a period we can never enter.

History Essay The Industrial Revolution

1056 words - 5 pages table. In conclusion the revolution provided a tough life for workers but without it they're probably wouldn't be the laws on child labour we have today, we would still have the injuries of harsh work and above all we could still be working long hours on end with no compensation for injuries or death. The industrial revolution provided a turning point in history for the modern world that many of us may see as a bad thing but with it's absence the technology that we see today and the laws of labor would not be the same.

Innovations Of The Industrial Revolution Essay

950 words - 4 pages flight. WORKS CITED - “Industrial Revolution.” Microsoft Encarta 1997 Encyclopedia CD-ROM. Kitano, Kevin and Anthony Morejon. “The Industrial Revolution.” The Industrial Revolution: A Trip to The Past. http://members.aol.com/mhirotsu/essay.htm. (No date given.) - “The History of Technology: The Industrial Revolution (1750-1900): DEVELOPMENTOF INUSTRIES: Chemicals.” Britannica Online. http://www.eb.com:180/cgi-bin/g? DocF=macro/5006/17/44.html. Accessed 10 March 1998.

The Industrial Revolution Of England Essay

2252 words - 10 pages Networks, 2009, (30 March 2014). John P. McKay, “The Revolution in Energy and Industry,” Understanding Western Society: A Brief History, Boston: Bedford/St. Martin, 2011, p. 614. History.com Staff, “Industrial Revolution,” History.com, A+E Networks, 2009, (30 March 2014). John P. McKay, “The Expansion of Europe,” Understanding Western Society: A