Studying the Old Testament is not as straightforward as some may think. Being able to recall stories of the Bible does not necessarily mean you have a thorough grasp on the history of Israel and the surrounding nations. Some people read and discuss the Bible without a solid understanding of the history and social issues that were going on at the time. Being able to relate to the stories in the Bible and struggle with some of the same problems faced by the people in the Bible gives you a greater appreciation for the works in the Bible. I feel that having a firm understanding of all the related history of Israel gives a student of the Old Testament a far greater understanding of why these stories are in the Bible and what was meant to be learned from them. In this paper I give brief, yet significant, explanations of the Old Testament from the death of King David to the Maccabean revolt.
To begin our study and understanding of old testament it makes sense to start from the earliest time. King David is responsible for bringing together Israel into one nation. The idea that David is a prophet is debated among scholars and is something worth looking into, since these are decisions we must make regarding the Old Testament. Some believe that Psalms 22 is an accurate account of the crucifixion of Jesus; others find that there are large discrepancies within the passage and claim that the metaphors in the passage are taken too literally. As students of the Bible knowing the history of these works can help us better form our own opinion on such topics. We will find that this will be a common argument within the bible, whither to take it literally or metaphorically.
After the Death of King David, his son Solomon becomes the King of Israel. During Solomon's reign as King the temple of Jerusalem was completed (somewhere around 960 B.C.) This was a rather large issue in the Bible and would continue to be an issue with the Jews later in the Old Testament; our text by Anderson explains this well:
"Because the Deuteronomic historians regard the Temple as the most important part of this program, thy give a proportionately large amount of space to the description of its erection, design, and furnishings (Kings 5-7)" Anderson p216
The Deuteronomic writers are dated as writers from 650-550 B.C. yet they are writing about the construction of a Temple almost 350 years earlier to their contemporary. This is because during the time of the Deuteronomic writer Babylon had destroyed the Temple and Israel is in a state of rebuilding itself.
"Because the deuteronomistic historians wanted to emphasize their own theological teachings, they selected from the royal annals only what served their purpose, and added interpretive passages." Anderson p.213
This is concept that we should become familiar with and understand. Hardly anything in the Bible is written down as it happened (In relation to time, not saying the bible is inaccurate in its...