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History Of Zimbabwe Essay

2285 words - 9 pages

Zimbabwe has experienced a rough transition since gaining independence from England in 1970. Since then there has been much political unrest all oriented around one party, the ZANU-PF(Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front) who took over an oppressive white government that was in power following Zimbabwe’s independence. This party has brought Zimbabwe into a state of turmoil with rigged elections, illegal seizure of land, violations of many human rights, inflation, etc… Overall Zimbabwe is in a terrible state despite outside attempts to put an end to the violence due to the Zanu-PF party. The UN has attempted to intervene and bring relief to the masses that are being oppressed by this party by trying to pass resolutions and sanctions on the government. They wanted to end all the human rights violations and government sanctioned violence towards political oppressors and annex the main instigators such as the dictator, Robert Mugabe who leads the Zanu-PF party. Despite the UN's best intentions to act upon the humanitarian crisis in Zimbabwe, the proposed solution was not passed by all the members of the Security Council thus leaving Zimbabwe in its current state of turmoil.
Zimbabwe’s past is the cause for all of the present problems for no governmental structure has ever been successful in leading Zimbabwe without oppression or a string of problems. Following independence from Britain, Rhodesia(Zimbabwe’s former name) was taken over by Ian Smith, a white supremacist leader who managed to maintain a steady economic growth through agriculture but his mistreatment of the black majority severely jeopardized his rule and lead to the formation of revolutionary groups such as Zanu-PF (Info-Please.Com). After eleven years of Smith’s rule, in 1979, was taken over by the Zanu-PF who immediately instated a black cabinet and put their leader Robert Mugabe in power. After he gained power, the country started deteriorating for Zanu-PF and Mugabe did not know how to run a country especially when they wanted to make the black majority have all the power and land. However this goal of getting the black majority to have all the land did not come easily for 70% of the land was owned by the white minority which composed of 1% of the population (History Behind the Headlines 302-308). This issue began a series of ethnic purges supported by the government to rid Zimbabwe of all the white farmers. Through a series of Acts passed by the Zanu-PF they purged Zimbabwe of all the white population and took over the land which they believed to be theirs.
Those purges led to a terrible economic crash with hyperinflation. Zimbabwe’s economy was based almost solely on their agriculture and these ethnic purges left inexperienced black members of the population in charge of the farming land. This caused the economic crash for the farms production quickly reduced and almost became inexistent for the black farmers did not know how to productively use the land. This led to...

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