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Status Of Haiti Before Earthquake Essay

933 words - 4 pages

Describe The Economic And Social Structure Of Haiti Before The EarthquakeHaiti is an island nation situated in the in the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. It has a total land area of 27,750 sq km. Its history has been marred by oppression , foreign rule, reform and finally independence. In the 1400's native Arawak fell under Spanish rule until 1797 when it became the French colony of Saint-Domonique. At this time it became the largest producer of sugar cane and relied on slaves to run their country. In 1791 there was an uprising of the 480, 000 slaves resulting in a declaration of independence by in 1801. However their freedom was suppressed for 3 years. Finally in 1804 Arawak triumphed under Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who gave the new nation the Arawak name, Haiti. Years of strife followed between the light-skinned mulattos who dominated the economy and the majority black population, plus disputes with neighboring Santo Domingo, continued to hurt the nation's development and economy. After a succession of dictatorships, a bankrupt Haiti accepted a U.S. customs receivership from 1905 to 1941, which finally brought some stability. In 1957 however, a dictator by the name of Francois Duvalier was elected President and in 1964 he was made President for life. Duvalier used violence to impose his rule and despite several attempts to overthrow him he remained president until his death in 1971, when his son succeeded himAfter a brief period of reform, the country returned to its old pattern of dictatorship, this time under François Duvalier. Elected president in 1957, he used violence to impose his rule and was widely criticized for human rights abuses. In 1964 a new constitution made Duvalier president of Haiti for life. Several unsuccessful attempts were made to overthrow him before he died in 1971. He was succeeded as president for life by his son, Jean-Claude Duvalier.After a brief period of reform, the country returned to its old pattern of dictatorship, this time under François Duvalier. Elected president in 1957, he used violence to enforce his rule. He was widely criticized in the international community for human rights abuses. 

In 1964 a new constitution made Duvalier president of Haiti for life. Several unsuccessful attempts were made to overthrow him before he died in 1971. He was succeeded as president for life by his son, Jean-Claude Duvalier. 
According to Gaurdium et Spes - The Joys and hopes "Economic injustice is a cause of war" this is evident in the turbulent economic history of Haiti.In 1986 the long rule of the Duvalier's ended when after large-scale protests, Duvalier fled the country. A new constitution was put in place in 1987. Following this was years of unrest with several presidents elected and ousted by opponents or the military. Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a Catholic priest, was elected...

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