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Resarch Paper

1204 words - 5 pages

St. Peter’s Basilica and St. Paul’s Cathedral
Throughout history, a church is a building that is used for religious activity, specifically for worship services. The typical architecture for a church usually consist of a cross. Oftentimes, the church also includes a dome or a large vaulted space. The church is typically used by Christians but it can also be used by other religion. There are various type of church. For example, there is the Basilica type, which is originally used to describe the Roman public building and it is typically located in a forum of a Roman town. In addition to that, the Basilica is usually describe as and open, roman, public court building. The first basilicas built ...view middle of the document...

Peter’s Basilica. This means tearing down and destroying the old St. Peter’s Basilica. After the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, It is recorded in the biblical books of the acts of the Apostles that one of his twelve disciples, Simon, also known as St. Peter’s, a fisherman from Galilee, took a leadership position among Jesus’ followers and was an great value in the finding the Christian church. The name Peter is “Petrus” in latin and “Petros” in greek, deriving from “Petra” which means “rock” or “stone”. It is hypothesized by long tradition that Peter, after a ministry of about thirty years, traveled to Rome and met his martyrdom there in the year of 64 AD during the reign of the Roman Emperor Nero. His execution was one of the many sacrifices of Christians following The Great Fire of Rome. The Great Fire of Rome was an urban fire that begin on the night between July 18 and 19 in the year of 64 AD. The fire lasted for about six days. It is said that Emperor Nero started the fire so that he can rebuild Rome to his liking. Emperor Nero blamed the fire on the Christians whom he passionately hates. According to historians and researchers, St. Peters remains were buried just outside the circus, on the Mons Vaticanus across from the Via Cornelia from the circus, less than 150 meters from his death. The old St. Peters was built by the Emperor Constantine the Great between 319 and 333 AD. It was in a typical basilica form, containing a wide nave and two aisles on each side and an apsidal end, with the addition of a transept or burma giving the building a shape of the tau cross. Also, it was over 103.6 meters long, and the entrance was preceded by a large colonnaded atrium. This church was built over a small shrine that was believe to built over the burial of St. Peter. In addition to that, it also include a very large number of burials and memorial including most of the popes from the 15th century. By the end of the 15th century, St. Peter’s Basilica church was in bad shape. It turns out that Pope Nicholas, who was the first pope, was considering to rebuild it, or at least make drastic change to the church. He even commissioned famous architect such as Leone Battista Alberti and Bernardo Rossellino, but his reign was frustrated by political problems and so there was very little work done to the church. Pope Julius II planned to rebuild the whole church by...

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