It has been stated that “once you are clear about your research topic, you will be able to choose the most appropriate research strategy and data collection and analysis techniques” (Sanders et al, 2009: 20-21). This applies to the proposed research, as it is the “the logical sequence that connects the empirical data to a study’s initial research questions and, ultimately, to its conclusions” (Yin, 2009). A comprehensive research design includes strategies, choices and takes into account the time horizons. Extensive time and effort needs to be taken into account when creating a research design, as it has been described to be the glue that holds the components of the research project together. For this reason, it is vital that a detailed methodology is prepared meticulously in order to produce a solid research. It is important to note that there are a variety of ways to conduct a research to answer proposed questions, however each of the three questions will be tackled with an approach in order to provide a general understanding of the different methods to be adopted.
Research Question 1
The philosophy adopted for the first research question is pragmatism. The researcher carefully selected to adopt the pragmatist philosophy as it argues that the most important factor of the research philosophy adopted is indeed the research question. The selected approach focuses on the research problem and uses all of the approaches available to understand the problem (Rossman and Wilson, 1985). Pragmatists agree that research occurs in social, historical, political and other contexts. For this reason, it is said that pragmatism opens the doors for multiple methods, different worldviews, which provides diverse alternatives for data collection and analysis (Creswall, 11:2009). This appears feasible when assessing how the Palestinian Economic Initiative will impact the local Palestinian economy, as the approach will take into account multiple research methods in an attempt to attain the defined research objectives. Moreover, since the topic is current and new, such an integrated approach allows more flexibility in tackling the objectives. Furthermore, the approach is appealing because it avoids futile debates between concepts of truth and reality (Tashakkori and Teddlie, 1998).
The researcher selected a hybrid approach, which is a combination of quantitative and qualitative data. By using this approach, one must bear in mind the appropriateness of the theory used. It is clear that the theory with which you are working will shape your conclusions, for this reason, the relevant theory needs to be carefully selected. In this case, the concept of the public choice theory with regards to the Palestinian Economic Initiative will be analysed. By using the hybrid approach, it allows the researcher to avoid the pitfalls of the inductive and deductive approach, which will be highlighted further in this research. Using a hybrid approach allows...