One of the challenges facing teachers today is engaging students despite their diverse abilities and learning styles within the classroom (Pacer Center, 2005). The integration (inclusion) of our special education population into the general education classroom has never been truer. Along with the above mentioned, there are two pieces of legislation, The Individuals with Disability Act of 1975 and No Child Left Behind in 2001, which have also caused the educational world to set higher standards of learning nationwide. All of these things combined together have motivated teachers to find methods of instruction that will ensure a quality education for all students. Recent innovations in technology have been incorporated into instruction
Despite over two decades of working with instructional technology, there is a hesitancy to integrate new technology into instruction by some teachers. According to Susan O’Hara and Robert Pritchard (2010) technology in the classroom provides multiple opportunities for students to gain knowledge. O’Hara and Pritchard (2010) also reported that research found that positive effects of technology can be seen in the learning of the material and in the use of the technology itself. So given the evidence of technology’s success, why would a teacher not use it?
Glenn A. Brand (1997) suggests in his research that one of the greatest barriers to integrating technology in a classroom is the lack of teacher training. Training can be defined as either in-service training or pre-service training. In-Service training is training that a teacher receives when they are already certified and in the field teaching. Pre-service training is the training a teacher receives before they are certified and working, such as in college.
In an article by Monica Brown, Kyle Higgins, and Kendall Hartley (2001) they explain how educators must work at adjusting their attitudes toward technology use and its integration into the classroom. Educators have to be proactive in learning and teaching with technology to help lessen the technology gap that exists in and out of school for our students (Brown et al., 2001). It is the educators who are the determining factor in whether technology is successfully integrated into the classrooms and school (Brown et al., 2001).
Statement of the Problem
Since such an emphasis is being placed on technology integration in the classroom, it is important to look at how teachers can...