Research And Statistics In Psychology Essay

1327 words - 5 pages

The theory of knowledge is one of the branches of philosophy. It is the study of trying to distinguish something that is true and something that isn't adequate. This theory provides an understanding of the concept of knowledge of which can be understood in terms of belief, truth, and justification. Epistemology, also known as the theory of knowledge, gives a clear view on the nature, scope, and quality of human knowledge. Epistemology is also considered to be the most important thing of what makes a human being what he is. The theory of knowledge make all other branches of philosophy depend on epistemology.The whole nature of philosophy involves rationality. To distinguish between good knowledge and nonsense is to make sure one makes the right research, tests, and calculations to be as adequate and accurate as possible. There is also a process that scientist over a time period collect and evaluate things to make an accurate view of the world. This method is meant to decrease bias and prejudice that a scientist or experimenter might have while testing their theory.There are four steps in the Scientific Method:1. The observation and description of a phenomenon or group of phenomena.2. Formulating a hypothesis to the reason for the phenomena.3. Using the hypothesis to predict the existence of other phenomena, or to predict quantitatively the results of new observations.4. Performance of experimental tests of the predictions by several independent experimenters and properly performed experiments.The roles of observation and experiment are meant for scientists to sit back and watch the thing they want to experiment, and then make an experiment to see if their hypothesis was or what they thought it would be. No one can state that their idea is true without observing and experimenting because there is the possibility that it is not accurate. Scientific law is a statement of fact that tries to explain why everything is the way it is. It must be used universally, true, and accurate. It is usually put into mathematical equation. A theory is more like a scientific law than a hypothesis because a theory is the explanation of all the observations made on a certain observation made. The Theory of Evolution is a theory of Darwin's, where all things came from a common ancestor. It discusses the premise and natural selection, or better yet, known as the "Survival of the Fittest." Evolution is both fact and theory because theories are only ideas used to try to explain the reasons and facts. Facts, though never 100% accurate, can be based off of observations and discoveries that can either prove a theory right or wrong. Scientific Method and epistemology have a connection because scientific method is to observe something, make a theory, determine a hypothesis, and then test it. Epistemology helps us determine if the information we receive is accurate and adequate. Scriptural accounts, the Bible, the Koran, the Veda, and many others are all just accounts that people...

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