Research Argument Essay

2148 words - 9 pages

Have you ever wondered how medicine has progressed throughout the centuries? Medicine has gone from simple herbal remedies to powerful medications for pain and infections. Yet, how is it that physicians know so much about diseases, infections, the signs and symptoms, and the treatment of those diseases? In some cases, unethical medical experiments were conducted to figure out how diseases were transmitted and the symptoms that people would present if they were ill with that particular disease. This would then lead the physicians to observe how the disease would progress from beginning to end without any medical interventions, which often involved letting the person die. Then physicians might ...view middle of the document...

For example, the evolution of smallpox and how the doctor who performed the unethical medical research lead to the creation of a vaccine that would save millions of lives. Throughout the centuries smallpox has killed kings, queens, emperors and millions of people and in the 20th century alone, smallpox was solely responsible for more than 300 million deaths. Besides smallpox outbreaks were highly common throughout the late 1700s and terrorized people throughout the country because smallpox was a very contagious disease and there was no known cure or treatment for it at the time. Only few would survive the painful blisters and fever, but the survivors would be marked with scars. During this time, Edward Jenner wanted to test the country folklore which said that people who caught cowpox from their cows could not catch smallpox. This led Jenner to undertake the most important research of his life, which led to one of the greatest contributions of medicine at the time.
Cowpox is a mild virus that is common among cows. It usually causes weeping spots on the cow’s udders and the people who occasionally become infected with cowpox are dairymaids. But cowpox does not lead to more serious complications like death, such as smallpox does. Sarah Nelmes was a dairymaid who consulted Jenner in 1796, when a new rash appeared on her hand. Jenner had seen cases like these before with other dairymaids so he diagnosed her with cowpox. Mrs. Nelmes case led Jenner to wonder what would happen to people who were newly infected with cowpox and what would happen if they were later infected with smallpox. For his experiment he used James Phipps, an eight-year old boy, who was the son of his gardener. He made a few scratches on James arm and rubbed some of the cowpox that Mrs. Nelmes had onto James hand. A couple of days later, James developed the same sores and blisters that Mrs. Nelmes had, but they disappeared after several weeks. Jenner discovered that newly infected people that did not work with livestock, such as cows, could survive with cowpox without any complications.
Jenner continued to experiment on James, but this time Jenner wanted to test whether or not people who had been infected with cowpox could somehow develop immunity against smallpox. So Jenner infected James with deadly smallpox scabs that he had collected from one of his patients who. As Jenner had hoped James never got sick with smallpox, even after he was infected multiple times throughout his life. Therefore, Jenner concluded that people who have had cowpox could develop immunity against smallpox, which led to the smallpox vaccinations being made and prevented millions of people from dying.
Another example of an unethical medical experiment that led to great results was the Tuskegee syphilis experiment that originally started in Mississippi and was later moved to Guatemala, due to budget cuts because of the Great Depression. The experiment was conducted to study the natural history of syphilis...

Find Another Essay On Research Argument

cloning argument Essay

1363 words - 5 pages Cloning: Choice is Ethical Thousands of people a year are placed on the organ donor's list. Thousands of people a year are diagnosed with diseases that are dubbed fatal unless a transplant or transfusion is given. This has created a large demand for some alternative method to the present donor practice. Research in the "taboo" science of cloning seems to provide a viable method in which to aid the problem aforementioned and many

Exploring the Ontological Argument Essay

2212 words - 9 pages definition of God” (Himma, n.d., para. 3). The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy further goes on to say that claims of existence usually require empirical evidence or research of some kind (Himma, n.d., sec. 1 para. 1). Now, that’s exactly what St. Anselm’s ontological argument is; it’s a claim of existence. St. Anselm says it is an argument for the existence of God, but for now I will simply use his terms that he used in his initial argument: it is

Argument in an Essay

1029 words - 4 pages Argument can be defined as claim or thesis statement. The aim of an argument is to convince audience. It is essential to make sound argument so that audience could engage in and align with the author’s view. Therefore, one of the key elements could be identified as the awareness of audience. Another key element is evidence. In order to persuade audience, argument should be consolidated through evidence and authority. The credibility of author

Argument for Human Cloning

2277 words - 9 pages has to be obtained by the destruction of an embryo. Until an alternative is found, Cloning research should not be banned. Argument Point 2 Ancestors such as the Neanderthal, an extinct species of genus Homo sapiens, with a prominent brow bridges, a preceding forehead, and have been considered the closest species to modern human. They are classified as neanderthalensis. They thrive in the time of Pleistocene Epoch throughout Europe, Asia, and

Argument agasint school uniforms

1536 words - 6 pages dress. Any good school dress code properly enforced would squelch this problem without destroying personal expression. The last argument is that of the scholarly environment the uniforms would create. This has been proven to be untrue.As before stated the issue of school uniforms has caused much research to be done in order to find if this claim is true and in fact it is not. In a study on the effects of student uniforms on attendance behavior

Argument Against Human Cloning

2467 words - 10 pages cloning proposes many arguments for each opposing side and can greatly impact the modern world based upon the research obtained through it. Whether or not that research is morally and ethically correct is the topic of most discussions in the genetics field. Beginning with the moral argument, one must understand reproductive freedom. Most cloning activists say that reproduction, or the lack there of, is a natural freedom given to people (C

Analysis on Kilbourne's Argument

1714 words - 7 pages advertisements. Kilbourne explains her point of view in her piece, ‘“Two Ways a Woman Can Get Hurt’: Advertising and Violence.” Considering Kilbourne’s argument, PETA ads are a concern because of the suggested violence while other pro-vegan and vegetarian ads are not. Advertisements across the globe are becoming more and more violent. In a recent PETA ad, it depicts a naked woman with a meat diagram on her, as seen on pigs and cows. In this ad it

The Argument for Vegetarianism

1549 words - 6 pages The Argument for VegetarianismAlbert Einstein once made the claim that, "nothing will benefit human health and increase the chances of survival of life on earth as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet." This statement is quickly proving to be true in today's society. Contrary to popular belief, a vegetarian diet--one that does not include meat--promotes a far better lifestyle than one including meat. Vegetarianism promotes good health, a

Elizabeth Whelan Deficient Argument

1069 words - 5 pages drinking age should be kept at 21 and not lowered to 18 years. Lowering the legal drinking age to 18 will generate more concerns than attributions for society. Teenagers who are exposed to alcohol at an early age are more suitable to become addicted and can sometimes interfere with their development in some way or another. Dr. Whelan argument indicates that moderate drinking can be healthy and good for young teenage drinkers. I am totally opposed and

The Flood Myth Argument

2204 words - 9 pages word of God and, therefore, totally true, while skeptical scientists tend to think the story is bogus, with too many physical impossibilities to be an accurate account of an actual event. Both sides of the argument on Noah's ark have come up with different ways to discredit the other, using logical, scientific facts, and the inherent truth, or lack thereof, within the pages of the Book of Genesis and the entire Bible itself.1. Do the Numbers Add

Legalization of Drugs Argument

2996 words - 12 pages Legalization of Drugs Argument Man, as a creature, is inherently bored. Since the dawn of time, it has been the natural instinct of man to find alternative methods to enhance his being. The many means by which man has turned to include sex, gambling, and the consumption of substances beyond the requirements of nutrition. The consumption of substances can be further broken down into legal and illegal substances. The question then

Similar Essays

An Argument In Favor Of Stem Cell Research

1445 words - 6 pages Abortion, gay marriage, and illegal immigration are all hot button topics currently being faced by Americans. As ardently as each side defends their stance on a controversial issue, an opposing side fights with equal diligence for the beliefs they feel should be valued by our nation. Perhaps nowhere is this battle more heated than in the fight over stem cell research. While supporters of this new field of science tout it’s potential to cure

Argument Paper

3136 words - 13 pages then proclaim that the culture following the 1960’s removed Christianity from its moral pedestal a fact Christians have yet to realize. The article concludes with a counter argument portrayed as a last effort by Christians to lay claim to their moral priesthood. The authors use the analogy of salt and light declaring that the reference’s true meaning require Christians to live a distinguished life but not a life of force or aggression. Thus

Argument Analysis

973 words - 4 pages reader can infer the audience to be adolescent females and individuals who are important to them, i.e. mothers and friends. The media and fashion industry may not agree with the argument that their influence contributes to the body dissatisfaction in females, it is clear the importance societies place on the media affects the adolescent females drive for thinness and increase in body dissatisfaction. As the authors’ describe multiple studies

Reflective Argument Essay

2338 words - 10 pages choices and changes in their writing as well as how they might use those same properties to approach a completely new writing task. For how I achieved this objective I reference the group work I did which began with an interdisciplinary concept, then Shown within this reflective argument is my method for reaching the four learning objectives of Wayne State’s English 3010 classes. I have incorporated assignment one, two, and some responses to support