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Research Article Critique Essay

870 words - 4 pages

In the article, Patterns of Hospital Resource Utilization of Children with Leukemia and CNS tumors: A Comparasion of Children Who Survive and Those Who Die Within 3 Years of Diagnosis, Hendrickson, Rimar (2009) a quantitative analysis was used to identify if there was a financial correlation between children with Leukemia and CNS tumors during 3 years after treatment, and a financial correlation between the children who lived and the children who died.
The researchers clearly identified the purpose of the study, which was “to describe the patterns and financial cost of hospital resource utilization by children with leukemia and CNS tumors during the first three years after diagnosis…and ...view middle of the document...

” The research article did not clearly state a hypothesis, but it was deduced that the total cost of both the inpatient and outpatient treatment of children with the two cancers identified was going to be very costly.
Sample size was clearly identified to the readers as “the final sample consists of 223 children, ages 0-19, who had a first time contact for treatment for leukemia or CNS tumor at the clinical site between FY 2000 and 2004 (2009).” This sample clearly fits within the target population as being children with cancer at this university hospital. The sample size was obtained from the tumor registry, and provided the researchers with hundreds of variables for each diagnosed individual. Although not specifically stated ethical considerations may have been accounted by the fact that this research was a double-blind study. The research was accurately evaluated by SPSS, and bivariate analyses, ANOVA, T-test and chi-square were also used to “determine differences in hospital resource utilization…(2009).”
The analysis of data proved the hypothesis in that children with these two types of very serious childhood cancers are very costly to the families. The results also showed that length of stay, and higher overall cost was noted with the children who died. The research does not identify if these children had additional life saving interventions or if they were specifically involved with hospice or palliative care. The research also identified differences with admission into the PICU; a patient with leukemia admitted to the PICU indicated a seriously sick child. But an admission into the PICU for a child with a CNS tumor typically indicated an operable tumor. The authors also...

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