Research Article Summary Essay

672 words - 3 pages

The tittle of the article that is being summarized is “How Attributional Ambiguity Shapes Physiological and Emotional Responses to Social Rejection and Acceptance”. The article is about four students whom in their research; explored how social rejection and acceptance are perceived, are responded to, and affect an ongoing social interaction between same-race or different-race interaction partners. In other words the article is about how people perceived societal refutation and approval, as well as interracial versus intraracial interactions.
The theory or model that guides the research is the Attributional Ambiguity theory; this theory is a psychological acknowledgment concept describing the difficulty that members of negatively stereotyped groups may have in interpreting feedback. According to this theory, members of groups that often experience social stigma find it challenging to determine whether feedback is based upon their actual behavior or involvement in a categorized denounced group. This can lead stigmatized group members to feel doubt about whether negative outcomes are due to discrimination against them or their own behavior. In comparison, they might question positive feedback as a form of sympathy rather than seeing it as the result of their ability and achievement.
An important question of this research was whether intergroup interaction effects were occurring similarly for Black participants and White participants or occurring only for Black participants in interracial interactions. They also predicted that participants would respond to social acceptance from same-race partners with generally benign reactions, including positive emotions, challenge states, and better performance. Last prediction was that that same-race dyads, compared with different- race dyads, would respond differently to accepting and rejecting feedback. The Theories testing began with an examination of the dependent variables, which were, cardiovascular reactivity, self-reports, attributions, performance, and observers’ ratings. The independent variables were, participant’s race, evaluator’s race, and feedback in a series of analyses of variance (ANOVAs). The authors provided little theoretical and operational...

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