Critical appraisal of a nursing quantitative study
Proper hand hygiene decreased infections in the hospital, reduced the length of hospital stays and decreased costs for patients and the hospital. Most importantly, the practice decreased morbidity rates (Rebecca Mayer Knutsen, 2013). This paper will critic the nursing quantitative study entitled, “The impact of workload on hygiene compliance in nursing” by Knoll, Lautenschlaeger, and Borneff-Lipp
Protection of human participants
The authors do not identify any benefit or risk of participation. It is silent on the significance of the research to the research participants through may benefits and risks exist that the authors could have addressed. One of the potential benefits is critical exposure of the nurse participants their levels of hygiene compliance despite work load and is important of self evaluation for personal competence improvements. The participants could also develop a better understanding of mediator roles of external factors on the nurses’ motivation and ability to comply with standards. This could then inform the nurses for self initiatives to managing the environmental factors towards higher level competence and compliance to hygiene standards and other standards. The major risk that the authors do not identify is possible psychological effects of the nurses knowledge of their lack of compliance because of the potential consequences of the non compliance to quality of delivered services.
The authors are also silent on the process of recruiting research participants. There was however informed consent from research participants and administrator of the hospital facility that was used for data collection. Existence of informed consent further suggests voluntary participation by the involved nurses. It is however difficult to report possible approval by the institutional review board because the researchers do not report on it. Meeting minimum requirements for publication, such as ethical principles, however suggest that the authors ensured institutional review board approval besides informed consent and voluntary participation.
The major variables are identified, though not explicitly, but are not defined. External factors, interns of work load are the...