Research On Employee And Student Performance

1319 words - 6 pages

The purpose of this study is to inspect the valid and biased predictors of employee and student performance. In this study, we hypothesized that employees and students who were higher on conscientiousness would reserve higher scores on their performance ratings (Hypothesis 1), and raters who were higher on agreeableness would rate higher scores on ratees’ performance (Hypothesis 2). Also, we testified whether there was a difference between supervisors and peers on performance rating (Exploratory Question). To operate this research, 26 students handed out surveys to 107 participants in order to collect data for analyses. Some students recruited supervisors and coworkers at their ...view middle of the document...

Likewise Barrick and Mount (1991) mentioned, this study also provided evidence that conscientiousness was a valid predictor of performance.
For Hypothesis 2, there was a significant result of negative correlation between raters’ agreeableness and their performance ratings. The correlation indicated that when raters’ agreeableness increased, raters’ performance ratings decreased. As the result, Hypothesis 2 was not supported by the findings. This might cause by the potential reason that many raters in this study had certain rating training and known about rater biases before they involved in this study. Raters who were high on agreeableness might had been more aware of the leniency effect, which leaded them to be more straight on rating others performance as an adjustment. Unlike Grahek (2007) found that agreeableness was positively correlated to rater leniency, we found agreeableness was negatively correlated to performance rating instead. This might suggested that participants in this study over estimated their agreeableness, which in turn had high agreeableness and lower rating scores among others performance.
For Exploratory Question, there was no significant difference between the ratings of supervisors and peers. The independent t test indicated that the mean scores difference (effect size) between supervisors and peers were not large enough to show practical meaning. This might cause by the small sample size of two variables, which our sample size in hand may not be big enough to show and detect the true effect between supervisors’ and peers’ rating scores on performance.
There were some limitations in this study. First, this study was limited by the small sample size of 107 participants. In the total number of participants, we only had data of 26 students to measure Hypothesis 1 on ratees’ conscientiousness and performance. Furthermore, we only had data of 81 participants to calculate Hypothesis 2 on raters’ agreeableness and ratings. In the Exploratory Question, only 33 supervisors and professors were compared with 48 coworkers and peers on rating mean scores. Due to the small sample size, this study might not able to detect the detailed differences and show significant results. Secondly, data was gathered by self-reported surveys. Since participants could over or under estimate their conscientiousness and agreeableness, the data on personality measures may not be reliable. Also, participants could possibly provide information that was not true because of boredom, keeping their own privacy, or decrease of motivation during answer process. Thirdly, most of the samples were collected in the area of Dekalb, which the study might not able to generalize to larger population. Meanwhile, analyze on ratees’ conscientiousness and performance were calculated with the data of 26 Northern Illinois University students who were in the same class, which suggested the findings on ratees’ conscientiousness and performance only...

Find Another Essay On Research on Employee and Student Performance

Impact of Mobile Applications on Student Performance

2024 words - 8 pages revolutionized the educational. Despite all these application innovations in the world nowadays, it is highly demoralizing to observe that students are still finding it difficult to meet the opportunity of their performance on academic. The positive impact of mobile applications use in education has not been proven. In general, and despite thousands of impact studies, the impact of mobile applications use on student achievement remains difficult to

Questions and Answers for Managing Employee Performance

1305 words - 6 pages customer representative position. The company redesigned the criteria and hired an individual who did not have a biology degree. Validity measure the performance such things as test scores are related to the measure of the design of the job performance. For instance, if individuals score consistently sixty word per minute on a keyboard test and get a high mark on a performance for the a data-entry job, the company can determine that the keyboard test is

Employee Motivation and Effective Job Performance

1342 words - 5 pages play throughout adulthood (Lekes, Gingras, Phillippe, Koestner & Fang, 2009). In addition to providing structure, consistent rewards and punishments must exist to reinforce that behavior. These traits learned throughout adolescence are detrimental for managers in determining employee motivation methods and effective job performance. For thousands of years, humans have strived for independence. Moses’ people fleeing the Egyptians and Pilgrims

Classroom Action Research Art and Improve on General Academic Performance

2830 words - 12 pages . Employing the right literacy skill can help students remember and record it later. Figure 3- Literacy Strategies Target Thinking Skills B). Embedding literacy in Learning Many art students in the Sixth form department, where the ‘classroom action research’ took place, find reading and writing challenging. In this particular action research, the theme was focused on how art student should evaluate and annotate their sketchbook. The

Research Study on Relationships Between Life Satisfaction and Academic Performance

2667 words - 11 pages performance is lower. ( Rafidah et al., 2009) The research submitted by Lauren Deborah Feld was to enhance understanding of academic stress in the lives of high-achieving students enrolled in college-preparatory high schools. This study also explore the effects of stress, student coping behaviors and sources of stress. Three hundred eighty students in grades 9 through 12 from two college-preparatory high schools completed a cross-sectional online

Effective of Incentive Pay on Employee Work Performance

1153 words - 5 pages profits, lowering costs, improving product quality or customer service quality and so on. Relationship between Incentive Pay and Employee Work Performance An incentive pay program can reward employees who continue to produce superior work or encourage employees who already produce good work to best. Use incentive system when employees are lack of enthusiasm of getting down to work and improving things. If everyone in the same job

Performance Management and Employee Satisfaction, by Milica and Milos Jaksic

809 words - 3 pages practices of PM, for maximise the employee performance. In which following six elements has to be considered (Kearns, 2000 p, 73 citied on Jaksic.M and Jaksic M, p 88). -Process and systems -Structure -Roles -Awareness -Capability and -Motivation In journal ‘PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEE SATISFACTION’, author made an empirical research in a large Serbian Pubic Company with the complex structure of 1500 organisational units an 15,000

Baseball Hats Boost Employee Motivation and Job Performance

861 words - 4 pages performance and achievement doesn't have to cost the company a fortune. The idea is to gamify productivity goals in a way that increases employee engagement and motivation. The idea is pretty simple: Measure the performance of your employees based on four levels of achievement, using monthly productivity measurements or using data based on monthly sales performance for each employee. For every level attained, the employee is elevated to the next level

Student Involvement and Academic Performance: A Qualitative Analysis

1101 words - 5 pages of College Student Development, 38, 387- 400. Rubin, A. & Babbie, E.R. (2008). Research Methods for Social Work. Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/cole Terenzini, P.T., Pascarella, E.T.and Blimling, G.S.(1996) Students’ Out-of-ClassExperiences and Their Influence on Learning and Cognitive Development: ALiterature Review.Journal of College Student Development.37 (2), pp.149–162. Trowler, V. (2010) "Student engagement literature review",

Examine the effects on a student who has been repeated reinforced by the teachers for his/her proper behavior in class and good performance on assignments and tests

1029 words - 4 pages Reinforcement is one of the components of behavioral theory. It is an observable and measurable behaviours but not mental in processes. All behaviors are learned through classical and operant conditioning. The student who has been repeated reinforced by the teachers for her proper behavior in class and good performance on assignments and tests shows the effect of reinforcement and the learning processes through classical and operant

The correlation between socioeconomic status and student performance

2580 words - 10 pages Mid Term take Home ExamQuestion 1:The correlation between socioeconomic status and student performance has been consistent for as long as records have been maintained. Students from affluent backgrounds tend to do better in school and on standardized tests than students from economically disadantaged backgrounds. In the following paragraphs, I would like to present two different ways of understanding this pattern. I believe that both

Similar Essays

Work Place Environment And Its Impact On Employee Performance

2650 words - 11 pages reduced if the management embarked on reducing stress and if the problems currently being experienced were to be dealt with in a wholesome manner. Works Cited Anzi, Nowier M. Work Place Environment and Its Impact on Employee Performance. n.p., 2009. Web. 27 July 2011. Boin, Arjen. Crisis Management. London, UK: SAGE. Brenner, P. Workers Physical Surrounding: Impact Bottom Line Accounting. n.p., 2004. Web. 27 July 2011. Center

Incentive Pay, Employee Performance And Employee Productivity

3052 words - 12 pages Introduction Today, competition between the businesses is extremely high thus companies need to find ways to be competitive. Organizations prepare the best market strategy to increase the company performance and the ways to keep their employee motivation on the highest level to perform well within the competition. At that time, several incentive pay programs play an important role for every organization to perform well within the competition

Employee Trust And Workplace Performance Essay

2454 words - 10 pages Employee trust has a direct effect on the performance of a particular workplace. Depending on the attitudes of employee to the management, this effect can either be good, bad, or a mix of both. Management and employees tends to have conflict within organizations due to various issues, but mainly because of the questionable reliability of employees towards their manager. The success of a workforce is dependent on the financial performance, labor

Student Involvement And Academic Performance Essay

1508 words - 6 pages with their friends and the need to be accepted and have a sense of belonging. A student, who lost her student identification card in the food court, located in the CSU, on the first floor retail side, stated that if it were not for her friends she would be failing badly and possibly put on academic probation. Considerable research suggests that the student’s commitment of time and energy to academic work can be strongly influenced by student peers