Objectives of the Study
1. To study the pattern of growth of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Harayana.
2. To study the level of contribution of the units of SMEs of Harayana in providing employment opportunities, GDP and exports of India.
3. To analyze the impact of policies initiated by Government of Harayana for the development of Small and Medium Enterprises.
4. To examine the initial and operational problems and challenges faced by the Small and Medium Enterprises in Harayana
5. To provide suggestive measures to the Directorate of industries, Chandigarh for enhancing the national competitiveness of SMEs of Harayana.
In order to achieve the objectives of the present study both primary and secondary sources of information will be used. For the attainment of first objective pertaining to studying the pattern of growth of Small and Medium Enterprises (SME’s) in Harayana and the second objective which relates to studying the level of contribution of the units of SME’s of Harayana in providing employment opportunities, GDP and exports of India and the third objective of analyzing the impact of policies initiated by Government of Harayana for the development of SMEs the secondary sources of data such as the published data from census reports, economic surveys, journals, news papers government and non government organizations associated with the industrial sector especially the Directorate of Industries, Chandigarh, Directorate of Economics and Statistics etc. will be used.
In order to meet the fourth objective i.e. to examine the initial and operational problems and challenges faced by the Small and Medium Enterprises in Harayana the researcher will divide the state of Harayana (consisting of 21 districts) into four divisions Accordingly a structured questionnaire will be drafted to obtain primary data from 125 entrepreneurs of the SME’s units.
The divisions are: Ambala Division (Ambala District, Kaithal District, Kurukshetra District, Panchkula District,Yamuna Nagar District), Rohtak (Jhajjar District, Karnal District, Panipat District, Rohtak District, Sonipat District), Gurgaon (Faridabad District, Palwal District, Gurgaon District, Mahendragarh District, Mewat District, Rewari District) and Hisar (Bhiwani District, Fatehabad District, Jind District, Hisar District, Sirsa District). The researcher uses quota sampling and selects the top industrial unit from each division and Gurgaon district as this is amongst the top 5 districts in the state of Harayana with highest SME’s as well. In the Ambala division, Yamuna Nagar is selected as it is the largest industrial town wholly within Harayana. Faridabad is selected in the Gurgaon Division as it is the biggest industrial city in Harayana as well as North India. Bhiwani is another developing city in the Hisar division....