Running head: LEGALIZATION OF MARIJUANA
LEGALIZATION OF MARIJUANA
Legalization of Marijuana
Mr. Nicholas Fernandez
Ms. Juliana Henao- Garrido
Mr. Frankie Davila
Mr. Jose Nunez
ENG 2010 (D-22)
12 March 2017
Dr. James Baird
We will be researching on the legalization of marijuana. Through research we will discuss what marijuana’s chemical advantages and disadvantages are to societies medical fields. We will also discuss the role that marijuana plays on societies, and why the drug is considered illegal in today’s society making it difficult to assist those who have thoughts of marijuana being a “gateway” drug.
Between 1840 and 1900, European and American medical journals published more than 100 articles on the therapeutic use of the drug known then as Cannabis indica (or Indian hemp) and now as marijuana. It was recommended as an appetite stimulant, muscle relaxant, analgesic, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant. As late as 1913 Sir William Osler recommended it as the most satisfactory remedy for migraine. (Grinspoon & Bakalar, 2010).
Currently the 5000-year medical history of cannabis has been almost forgotten. Its use declined in the early 20th century because the potency of preparations was variable, responses to oral ingestion were erratic, and alternatives became available—injectable opiates and, later, synthetic drugs such as aspirin and barbiturates. (Grinspoon & Bakalar, 2010).
In the United States, the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 struck the final blow. Designed to prevent nonmedical use, this law made cannabis so difficult to obtain for medical purposes that it was removed from the pharmacopeia. (Grinspoon and Bakalar, 2010). The medical use of marijuana has always been surrounded by controversy. The use as a medicinal substance has been approved in 28 states and Washington D.C. and every study or research speaks of pros and cons regarding this drug so well known to the majority. (ProCon.org, 2017).
Concurring to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH) Marijuana can create addiction, in the same way that produces "physiological and euphoric" effects that may lead to increase the risk of certain diseases in individuals at risk. (NIDA, 2017). Among the effects the marijuana produces an increase in heart rate, which may also cause a risk of having a heart attack or stroke in certain people. (Mendez, 2012). Conferring to a 2011 study published in the journal Addiction, marijuana has a small long-term effect on learning and memory, but according to the study authors, the adverse effects of this drug would be related to other preexisting and reversible factors, even after a long time. (Szalavitz, 2011). A contrary study conducted in 2012 with 1,000 New Zealanders, by Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, found that for adolescents this adverse effect might not be reversible. According to their authors, in adolescents who smoked up to four days a week, an average of 8 IQs (between 13 and 38 years) could be lost,...