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Research On Weight Loss Essay

1179 words - 5 pages

The first study focused on two different treatment groups that were used to help continue with weight loss. The study had twenty-four obese women (ages 18-55) who were considered to be 30-60% above ideal weight. These women were non-smokers and all in good health and it was required that they had not lost more than 10 lbs. within the past month or 20 lbs. in the past six months. The women were told that they would be assigned to a traditional behavioral weight loss program or a new weight-management program. The participants were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment groups. 12 participants were in each group. The first treatment group was the Behavioral Choice Treatment (BCT) group and the other was the Traditional Behavioral Treatment (TBT) group. The Behavioral Choice Treatment would be considered to be the Cognitive-Behavioral Theory group of the study. Weight was taken on a balance beam scale at pre-treatment, during the weekly sessions, post-treatment, and at the 3, 6, and 12 month marks during the follow-up sessions. Height was also taken at pre-treatment to help determine the BMI of the participants. Attendance, which was taken at each session, and the self-monitoring records were used as an index of devotion to the whole treatment program. The women were instructed to keep their food records in a diary (A.K.A. what they eat, how much, etc.) during the first 10 weeks of treatment. The women also completed self-report measures for depression and self-esteem at pre-, mid-, and post-treatment, as well as the 3 and 6 month follow-up. All of the women in both groups received 2-week meal plans as well as recipe booklets. The only difference between them was the amount of food. Both of the plans were low fat and contained 60% carbohydrates, 25% fat, and 15% protein. The TBT group had a 1,200 kcal/day diet and the BCT participants had an approximately 1,800 kcal/day diet. The women in both groups were encouraged to stick with these plans for the first two weeks. Eating at a constant calorie level was also encouraged. Self-monitoring stopped before the acute treatment ended to address behavior change. The groups had the same amount of time for each session, the same amount of therapist contact time, the same session topic used, the same homework assignments, the same self-monitoring of eating behavior and even the same exercise prescription. The exercise prescription given to them was walking 30 minutes/day, 3 days/week. This was to be done on their own time. The participants attended 13 weekly 1½ hour group treatment sessions. These sessions would have 5 to 7 individuals in each group. Clinical social workers, clinical psychologists, and two inexperienced psychology graduate student co-leaders were responsible for treatment. Post-treatment group meetings were held at 3 and 6 months after. The follow-up weights of the women were acquired 3, 6, and 12 months post-treatment. The women in the TBT group were told that the purpose of this...

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