In a child’s life there are many things that can effect school achievement. One of the most common talked about things is parental involvement. However, something that might be just as important is the income of a child’s family. There are several reasons why income is important. Higher income families usually live in better neighborhoods which means better schools. An higher income can also mean more educational programs available to a child, and the ability to choice a school. These are some factors on why family income is important in school achievement.
A family that has a high-income will usually live in a better neighborhood then a family with a low-income. A lot of times the better the neighborhood the better the school. High-income neighborhoods are usually more successful in school then low-income neighborhoods. This usually occurs because there are usually more resources available to the wealthier students, and better teachers tend to teach at wealthier schools.
Studies have shown that a family’s economic does play a role in school achievement. The more money a family has, the more sources open to a child, which enhances achievement. Reynolds and Temple (1998) looked at low-income, inner city, African American children from Chicago. These are some of the most disadvantaged children in the Chicago school system. The study looked at the programs that were available to the students in this area. By doing so they were able to see how effective public service programs were, and whether or not they actually produce better performance in school. The emphasis of the program was placed on parent invovlment and having smaller classes that lead too more personalized teaching. These two ideas seemed to be very productive. The study showed that children who took part in the program through second and third grade, fro the most part, outperformed those who only particitpated in the program until first grade. This extended participation lead to higher reading achievement, fewer children being left back, and fewer kids being placed in special education classes (1998). This study showed that programs like this are crucial in low-income neighborhoods. Without these programs the students wouldn’t be doing as well in school. They need the extra attention and work because the school system they belong to is not teaching the students what they need to know to be good students.
Shumow, Vandell, and Kang (1996) looked at a group of Urban, low-income children. This was a study that looked at the effect that “school-choice” has on achievement. This study questioned whether or not income was related to the use of school-choice. In addition to this, it looked to see if school-choice was influenced by characteristics of the family. While upper and middle class families may be able to afford sending their kids to private schools funded by tuition, low-income families are unable to do so.
There are several...