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Psychological Experiment To Improve Memory Essay

662 words - 3 pages

The experiment is a psychological study designed to help people improve their memory. However, the experimenter wants study a new method that will improve learning and memory by forcing people to learn. Researchers should know that positive reinforcement for correct responses is a way to develop animal and human memory. However, they want to figure out if pushing someone for incorrect responses will show similar effects. The teacher will give the student a set of pairing words to memorize within a certain time period. If the learner gives the correct response he will receive a verbal reward. If he answers incorrectly, an apparatus that starts from 15 volts up to 450 volts will shock him. Every time the learner makes a mistake the teacher will press a higher-level voltage. The learner’s arm is strapped down and an electrode is attached to the wrist. The learner has heart problems but it does not seem to worry the experimenter’s. A shock generator will shock his wrists and as the experiment continues the learner begins to make mistakes. As the learner increases on getting questions wrong, so does the voltage. For instance, at 75 volts he whimpers and at 150 volts he wants to be released. He is screaming in pain; meanwhile the teacher is questioning whether to continue the experiment. The teacher is been pressured and the experimenter assures the teacher that he will be responsible for the study been done. Since the learner has singed a contract that must be obeyed. At 330 volts the learner is unconscious and stops responding but the experimenter states that any omission to a question been asked is wrong. The experimenter did not care if the volts got up to 450 and the learner was almost dead. The teacher had to continue no matter the learner’s condition. In 1963, Stanley Milgram, a social physiologist, tested 500 ordinary people from different ages, gender, and occupation. Milgram discovered that 65 percent of teachers actually went all up the final scale voltage. The majority of the teachers obeyed the...

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