Research Paper

1630 words - 7 pages

When drafting the Constitution, the Founding Fathers sought to create a governing document to protect liberty and control the government’s power. After an arduous fight for freedom against the British Empire during the American Revolution, the citizens detested the strong central control exerted by the British monarchy. The Americans had fought hard for their personal and federal rights and wanted to ensure those freedoms were protected. After being freed from the strict rule under the British, the Americans would have overthrown any form of government that stifled these newly acquired freedoms. When drafting the Constitution, the Founding Fathers included British safeguards to protect against a government similar to the British monarchial rule.
The colonists motive to split from England stemmed from the intense scrutiny and the consistent invasions of privacy from the English monarch which they were accustomed not to (Bobrick 1). They were being harshly taxed by British Acts like the Sugar and Stamp Act and held on a short leash without being fairly represented in government (“Historical Origins of Freedom of Assembly” 3). After two Continental Congress meetings by colonial delegates, the English monarch refused to compromise with the demands proposed by the colonists (Bobrick 3). Following a fighting for and gaining independence from Great Britain in 1782, the Americans decided that a formal document needed to be written to establish guidelines for the new government (“Constitution” 1). The founding fathers decided that to write a new constitution would demand a new government to be created for the general welfare of the country (“Constitution” 2).
Before the Bill of Rights was penned, the United States Constitution was written as a the solitary form of government for the United States. One major safeguard included in the Constitution protecting the United States from a government like the British monarch was the separation of powers. The Constitution states that the federal government is divided into three branches (the legislative branch, executive branch, and the judicial branch) to ensure maximum security for the country. By dividing the central government into 3 branches with different roles for the country, it not only ensured there would never be a monarchy-like government but because of the system of checks and balances, it secured that no one branch would become more powerful than the others. (“Federal and Separation of Powers” 1) “The system of checks and balances seeks to divide power either vertically (in a federal system), horizontally (as in the separation of powers) or both ways, in an attempt to protect the people against the exercise of arbitrary government power” (“checks and balances” 1). Each branch of government has a check on one another to keep the division of powers equal among the three branches. (“Federal and Separation of Powers” 2) These two articles in the Constitutions protect the country against any one...

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