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Scientific, Mathematical And Medical Advances In The Islam Empire During The Abassid Dynasty

1063 words - 5 pages

The many scientific, mathematical, and medical advancement in the Islam Empire during the Abbasid Dynasty in the capital of Baghdad shaped Islam into becoming one of the most influential and intellectual empires. The House of Wisdom brought scholars from all over to Baghdad where they could make new innovations that would influence the surrounding areas such as Europe, and China. These many achievements showed the progression of history as the Islamic Empire thrived in knowledge and shared it with all who they came in contact with. New discoveries in math, science, and medicine made during the Abbasid Dynasty influenced the European Renaissance and affected the world as we know it today.
Baghdad was a city flourishing with culture and was the capital of the Islamic Empire during its Golden Age under the Abbasid Dynasty. Unlike the preceding militaristic Umayyad rulers, the Abbasids had focused on maintaining the empire. The capital was changed from Damascus to Baghdad, which was accessible by the Tigris and Euphrates River as well as the Mediterranean Sea, and the Indian Ocean. Its location made it ideal for trade along the Silk Roads and maritime trade. Caravans traveled along the roads with goods that were traded with places as far as China where they imported silk and porcelain (Stearns). Islam expanded the Silk Roads helping to promote trade and a stable economy. The trade routes not only helped to spread goods but along with it came the Islamic culture and knowledge into different parts of the world. These empires benefited each other as new ideas lead to innovations and progression.
This period was a time of expansion, distant trade, and most importantly the development of knowledge and education. One of the most important buildings in this advanced city was one of the greatest intellectual academies in history known as the House of Wisdom. It was founded by the Caliph Harun al-Rashid, the House of Wisdom was a major center of research and intellectual advancements. It attracted both men and women of all different faiths into the city. The House of Wisdom became a melting pot of cultures and people from far and wide. Scholars could exchange ideas with each other and make further advancements in discoveries. “There, Muslims, Christians and Jewish scholars cooperated in translating knowledge, fueling scientific debate and discovery” (Al-Hassani 18). Though of different origins, these scholars all shared a common interest in perusing their research. This shared interest gave all the scholars a sense of unity. Another key factor that worked to unify the people was the translation of texts. “Experts constantly worked to translate the old writings into Arabic to allow other scholars to understand, debate, and build on them” (Al-Hassani 74). For two centuries scholars translated the texts of the earlier civilizations of the Greeks, Persians, and Indians, into Arabic. This perseveration of knowledge helped the scholars to progress and build up...

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