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Diabetes Mellitus: Insulin Defficiency Essay

1255 words - 6 pages

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the United States and around the world, and it affects those afflicted with the ailment in many different ways; it can be effectively treated, however with a proper diet, exercise, and medication. Another name for diabetes would be “Diabetes Mellitus”; diabetes derives from the Greek word siphon (a tube that is bent in two which liquid flows through); and Mellitus come from the Latin language, and means sweet as honey ("NC WiseOwl Home Page." NC WiseOwl Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014. (Print)). Diabetes in when high levels of glucose, also known as sugar, enters into a persons bloodstream.
Diabetes also determines how high or low the glucose level is in a person’s body. It is known to be the leading cause of death in the United States. There are several types of diabetes, some are very different; and then some are very similar also ("Diabetes." University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.).
Pre-diabetes is when the level of a persons glucose is higher than normal; but is not high enough to say they have diabetes. This can be reversed by, exercise, and healthy choices. Try substituting fatty, fried foods with grilled, broiled, or baked foods. Also try substituting desired sweets for some fresh fruit. Also keep in touch with a doctor to what exercises to do, and also to keep track of his or her progression.
The first type of diabetes is, Type one, which is the minor version of diabetes. It is found in children and the reason for this would be; that the child does not have enough insulin in his or her system. Another reason would be that their body cells do not react with the insulin and glucose in their body system. Type one diabetes can be treated and managed, but cannot be cured.
Now type 2 diabetes on the other hand, is the most common type of all diabetes. Most people find type two during adulthood. The main reason for this happening is because a person is not making healthy choices; which has lead to them receiving this horrible disease. Another type of diabetes would be gestational diabetes, also known as the “pregnancy diabetes”. It can appear at anytime of a women’s pregnancy and disappears after labor. Studies show four percent of women get this disease, which can be very dangerous, and fatal. After getting gestational diabetes can cause a higher risk of the women getting type two later in her life.
Symptoms of diabetes would be blurred vision, stress or fatigue, a sense of having more hunger, if they have to urinate more, and believe it or not weight loss. One cause of diabetes can develop by not having enough insulin or having too much insulin. Another cause would be, glucose (sugar) gives the body energy, and the pancreas is the organ that creates insulin. The purpose of the insulin is to transfer glucose to the fat, liver, and muscle cell to give the body energy. If the body is not doing this, then go see a doctor ("Diabetes." University of...

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