Introduction and Background
The aim of this research proposal is to gain a full understanding of the cultural experience that was experienced by the researcher. Each person was afforded the task in choosing a place to visit that would exhibit the cultural practices. For the purposes of this research the Bobo Shanti village was picked because of interest in the Rastafarian culture. The visit was made to the Bobo Shanti camp in Bull Bay, St. Andrew in order to find information for this research paper. The Rastafarian movement was formed by Jamaicans Leonard Howell, Joseph Hibbert, Archibald Dunkley and Robert Hinds. They are said to have received revelations that Haile Selassie was the messiah of black people and had ministries preaching this alongside ideas of repatriation to Africa and denunciation of colonial rule.
The Bobo Shanti was formed by Emmanuel Charles Edwards in 1958, who was a former member of the Ethiopian World Federation. The name Bobo Shanti came out of a meeting held to discuss the issue of repatriation and Jamaican independence. The Bobo Shanti camp was first located at 54b Spanish Town Road, after participating in a repatriation march which ended in violent actions and also because of unfair treatment by police forces this settlement had to be removed, which caused them to relocate to Bull Bay in 1972. The Bobo Shanti share in the same teaching of other Rastafarians but their doctrines differ somewhat as they consider Haile Selassie to be only one a trinity that includes Marcus Garvey and Prince Emmanuel. They often refer to Prince Emmanuel Charles Edwards as the black Christ and alongside him Haile Selassie I. They have been able to raise their profile by prominent members of the school leaving and using their musical talents to spread their message. One identifying factor that Bobo Shanti’s are known for is producing brooms and we hear this being sung about in many secular songs.
Ones’ culture as posited by Mustapha(2009) is defined as the full range of learned human behavior patterns as it refers to everything that people create or develop. Also, it comprises of beliefs, values, behavior and physical objects that create a people’s way of life. He further posits that culture is the totality of learnt, socially transmitted behavior and consciousness with human society from generation to generation. From a Caribbean point of view Braithwaite (2007) defines Caribbean culture as having elements of both definitions, but emphasizes that the Caribbean culture is a mixture of European, African, East Indian, Asian, Plantation, Colonial and Indigenous influences, heritages and cultures. Many Caribbean countries have different cultural practices and beliefs, which makes the Caribbean a ‘melting pot’ of diversities. One such cultural practice is that of Rastafarianism, which many deem as a religion, but is seen as a way of life to its participants. This way of life is practiced throughout the Caribbean and the...