A life-changing pandemic has effected millions across the world. It has plagued many people addicted to drugs, many who practice unsafe sex, or even the innocent health care worker. Some people may sadly consider their lives extinguished upon contraction of the in-curable virus, others will not let the infection rule their lives. However, the infection is no long-er considered a death sentence in contrast to what many may believe. Many people are igno-rant of the virus and continue to believe what was shared many years ago. What is HIV/AIDS, and what is its history? What is its effects on the body? How can it be, not cured, but treated? Who is at higher risk for a possible infection? Are there any possible cures in the making? How may it be prevented? How does HIV/AIDS effect popular culture and society? These and many other questions will be answered in the following essay, along with other useful beneficial knowledge and history.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a lentivirus, meaning that it takes long periods of time after the initial exposure to show symptoms. Human Immunodeficiency Virus is contract-ed through blood-borne pathogens, and HIV is the abbreviation for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Human Immunodeficiency Virus cannot be contracted solely via urine, saliva, or sweat. Human Immunodeficiency Virus may only be contracted from exposure to these fluids if blood is present. The main way that Human Immunodeficiency Virus is contracted is through seminal or vaginal secretions, blood, cerebral spinal fluid, and the breast milk of an infected individual. Once the Virus enters the body it starts to replicate itself, making more and more Human Im-munodeficiency Virus cells, the cells hide itself and may lay dormant for many years. When these cells “wake up”, they may attack healthy Immune cells (CD4+T), of the host, and ulti-mately weaken its immune system, which makes it unable to fight off other opportunistic infec-tions, like the common Influenza Virus. The human body cannot fight the virus due to having a weakened immune system and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus masking and hiding it’s self within the host cells. This is when the patient may be classified as having Acquired Immunode-ficiency Syndrome. An infected individual may also be diagnosed with AIDS when his or her CD4+T cell count is below two-hundred, which is normally five-hundred to fifteen-hundred per cubic millimeter of blood. However, an individual may have fall into a remission and have the diagnoses of having Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome revered when either the cell count rises or the opportunistic infection clears up after medications, but the diagnoses of having Human Immunodeficiency Virus will never be taken away.(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
HISTORY OF HIV/AIDS
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is believed to have been around since the early eighteen hundreds, and to have been derived from West Africa, more specifically...