Research Paper On Scientific Revolution Include Copernicus, Ptolemy, Kepler, Galileo, And Newton

906 words - 4 pages

Throughout history there have been numerous revolutions worldwide. From industrial revolutions, to religious revolutions, to scientific revolutions, all of which have greatly advanced mankind. The scientific revolution was, perhaps, the most important revolution of the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. In each revolution, there are many specific noteworthy people that are the base of the revolution who have contributed tremendously. Of these, Nicholas Copernicus, Claudius Ptolemy, Tycho Brahe, Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, and Isaac Newton are quite possibly the most important minds of the scientific revolution. These people all contributed in some way to help the scientific revolution evolve.In European history the term 'Scientific Revolution' refers to the period between Copernicus and Newton. But the chronological period has varied dramatically over the last 50 years. The broadest period acknowledged usually runs from Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543) and his De Revolutionibus to Isaac Newton (1642-1727). Some historians have cut this back, claiming that it properly extends only to the publication of Newton's Principia (1687) or to his Opticks (1704) or to Newton's death (1727). More radical proposals have suggested that the Scientific Revolution might apply to the so-called Enlightenment 'Newtonians' thus extending to roughly 1750. Further, some historians have cut back the earlier period. Some have all but removed Copernicus from their chronological definition, claiming that the 'Copernican Revolution' virtually began and ended in 1610 with the work of Galileo and Kepler. Historians have consistently disputed the presumed beginning and ending dates of the much-disputed 'Scientific Revolution'.The men who created the Scientific Revolution were convinced that they were participating in a major upheaval of human thought. The philosophes of the Enlightenment were equally convinced. They chose their heroes from the leaders of the Scientific Revolution, and they looked upon the period as the crucial turning point in history, when the first dawning of reason began to dispel the clouds of ignorance. Some of the fundamental books in the history of science, works that specialists in such areas as the history of mathematics and the history of astronomy cannot afford to ignore, were written during the eighteenth century, and since that time there has been a continuing tradition of scholarship on the Scientific Revolution. Only in our own time, since the World War II, however, has the history of science become a recognized academic field with organized programs in universities and a population of historians of science multiplying almost as rapidly as scientists themselves. As the discipline has turned increasingly toward topics more recent than the seventeenth century, it has been able to draw upon the conceptual categories and the research techniques developed initially in the study of the Scientific Revolution.It began with...

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