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Research: Political Efficacy And Expected Political Participation Among Lower And Upper Secondary Students

2029 words - 8 pages

The sampling method of the researchers was a simple, yet extensive questionnaire with responses that did not extend past the boundaries of the children’s literacy abilities. **A sample of the questionnaire is listed below (van Deth et al, 167)**
Political Knowledge
Indicator: Question wording and responses:
Politicians/Parties/Laws Have you ever heard about Politicians/Parties/Laws? Yes/No.
Chancellor Do you know this man [Picture of Gerhard Schröder who was German chancellor at both survey time points is shown]? Yes/No.
Access to power Do you know how to become a chancellor? A lot of money/ a lot of muscles/ an election/ don’t know.
Function chancellor Who is this man? [referring to the picture of Schröder again] Is he a mayor?/ a chancellor?/ a king?/ don’t know.
Power in Germany Who has the power in Germany? Is it the king?/ the mayor?/ the chancellor?/ don’t know.
Task of politicians What do you think politicians basically do? They coach a soccer team/ they decide on the nation and take care of it/ they regulate the traffic/ don’t know.
Political Issues
Indicator: Question wording and responses:
Pollution Have you heard about a polluted nature? Yes/No.
Famine Have you heard about some people not having enough to eat? Yes/No.
War Have you heard about some people who are at war with some others? Yes/No.
Unemployment Have you heard about some people who would like to work but could not find a job? Yes/No.
Migration Have you heard about some people from other country moving to our country? Yes/No.
Terror Have you heard about terrorist attacks in some countries? Yes/No.
Notions of Good Citizenship
Imagine the boss of Germany or another important person coming to your town and awarding people for being good citizens. Who should get an award in your opinion?
Indicator: Question wording and responses:
Helpfulness Somebody who helps other people? Yes/No.
Hard work Somebody who works a lot? Yes/No.
Law-abiding behaviour Somebody who follows the rules? Yes/No.
Popularity Somebody who is popular? Yes/No.
Being wealthy Somebody who has a lot of money? Yes/No.
Religious practice Somebody who often goes to church/mosque? Yes/No.

The above data was administered to the students in a picture-based and verbally administered analysis with the questions stated above in order to compensate for the lack of the children’s developed literacy ability. There were two waves of surveys in order to depict the children’s basic understanding of the political system: the first at the beginning of their first year of primary school and the second, administered at the end of their first year of primary school. Below are tables depicting the demographics of the surveyed children with the defining of the independent variables.
First Wave Second Wave Panel
Ethnic Background German
Other 542
84 523
85 476
SES Residence Area High
Low 265
218 259
227 237

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