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# Research Process Paper: Baseball Era/ Team Paper Res341 With Instructor Notes

1300 words - 5 pages

Research Process Paper: Baseball ERAAs per the specifications of this first assignment the members of Team A have collaborated to identify a research problem using the Major League Baseball data sets provided in the University of Phoenix eResource page. The purpose of this paper is for Team A to: 1) explain the purpose of the research by describing the selected research problem and explaining why the research problem is important, 2) provide a problem definition that explains what question will be answered by the research, and 3) provide a research hypothesis that will include: identifying three possible outcomes that can result from the research, identifying the variables to be tested and, defining the level of measurement and the measurement scale for each variable. The final section of this paper will include a brief discussion of the remaining steps in the research process the team will follow to complete two subsequent papers leading up to a conclusions memo and a final research project PowerPoint presentation that will illustrate the complete research project.Purpose of the ResearchAccording to Futrelle, D. (2003)… Baseball has long been surrounded by armies of statisticians; therefore, Major League Baseball keeps stats in many different categories. Baseball stats can range anywhere from batting averages to on base percentage to slugging percentage. One area that is important for teams to track of is a pitcher's ERA (Cosgrove, E., 1999). ERA stands for earned run average and is a average amount of runs a pitcher gives up for every nine innings pitched (Cosgrove, E., 1999). Earned runs are only the runs that the pitcher gives up and are different from unearned runs. Unearned runs are runs that the pitcher is not directly responsible for. Examples of unearned runs are runs given up by fielding errors or runs that scored that may have been left on base from the previous pitcher.The purpose of the research will be to determine the mean ERA and compare that number to the number of wins that teams have that are above and below the mean ERA. The team will also be looking at the mean number of wins that teams above and below the mean ERA have and how those numbers compare. This research is important because it allows us to compare wins to ERA.Problem DefinitionThe problem that will be examined in this research project will be whether or not teams that have lower than average ERAs (below the mean) will be able to win as many games as teams with above average ERAs (above the mean). The reason this is important is that team owners and managers need to be able to have an understanding of the relationship between ERA and team wins. Does the team truly need to worry about what its ERA is or are there other areas that the team needs to focus on in order to win more games?Problem HypothesisThe definition of hypothesis is the logical conjecture relationship of two or more variables expressed in a testable statement. By testing and confirming the...

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