Research Process Qualitative And Quantitative Research

1231 words - 5 pages

THE RESEARCH PROCESS PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 2
The Research ProcessDonelle Lynn CagleCJA/334July 21, 2014University of PhoenixPaige GordierIntroductionResearch provides a chance to define a subject on a whole different, more effective, and understanding manner. In order to provide a confident conclusion, the researcher needs to be confident while conducting the research. When the researcher understands the process and terms used for research, the conclusion has becomes more effective, leading to stronger possibilities for the community.Qualitative and Quantitative ResearchQualitative research is when, "concepts are viewed as sensitizing ideas or terms that enhance our understanding" (Hagan,2006). When the researcher is researching to understand the why in a subject, qualitative research is most adequate due to the processes used in qualitative research. The research could begin with in-depth interviews with persons who have or dealt with a type of illness or been in the situation, research documentaries on the subject, through observation on targeted groups, or images. The research will bring a more detailed description on the subject and again explain more on the why on the subject matter. When the researcher uses quantitative research at the conclusion of the research, the statistics could explain further on the matter.Quantitative research is when, "concepts are assigned numerical value", which includes; statistics, models and figures, and classifying the information found in the research by numerical value. The hypothesis is typically more focused on the numbers, and is straight to the point of the reason why and what the research is on. The researcher would use measurements, questionnaires, and surveys to assist in retrieving the information needed to come up with the statistics which assist to create the models and figures. The objective is to seek measurements and to analyze the target groups to answer the questions which led to the research.The Research ProcessThe first step in the research process, is finding the concepts of the subject, which is qualitative sensitizing. The concept can be defined as, "an abstraction based on characteristics of perceived reality", (Le Roy, 2006). The concept of the research helps to push the focus on reality and pushes out the possibilities. Additionally, the researcher is able to group together the similarities of any part of the research, plan the goal of findings for the research, and organize the research accordingly. An example could be a research project on the criminal justice system, and the research could group together justice and freedom, alongside with the United States Constitution.The next step is operationalization, which is the process that turns concepts into variables, making the research easier to measure. The process of operationalization explains on methods on how to measure the research and how the measurement will concur. When knowing how the information will come together to be...

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