Since the beginning of time research and statistics have exercised a vital role in psychology. In this succinct writing an elaboration of how research and statistics are utilized in psychology is revealed. Furthermore, the how and why of such components are expounded herein and a detailed look at primary and secondary data are exposed.
Research, statistics, primary, and secondary data are imperative in psychological analysis. Implementing each of these variants in psychological research may prove beneficial to the researcher when properly appropriated in psychological exploration. In that regard, this discussion begins by portraying the role that research plays in psychology and gives a general synopsis to define each role.
Research in Psychology
Research is a method of exploring and investigating various concepts and theories to reach a valid conclusion. Although some methods of research are anachronistic research is extremely relevant in psychology. Research amplifies our ability to understand people and helps compartmentalized various psychological disorders. There are many areas in psychology where research is imperative, but three primary areas are mental health, psychological disorders, and psychological phenomenon. Although psychology is not a perfect science, understanding the relevance of research and scientific methods is imperative in psychology. According to “What Is the Scientific Method” (2008-2012), “Science is based purely around observation and measurement, and the vast majority of research involves some type of practical experimentation.”(para. 5). However, psychological research would not be comprehensive without implementing statistics.
Statistics Role in Psychology
Statistics help us formulate thoughts and ideas to confirm or solidify that a hypothesis is true or false. In psychological research the incorporation of statistics is a necessity because statistics help validate a theory or hypothesis. Additionally, statistics can be utilized to reveal a theory as inaccurate. In a formal sense, “Statistics is a branch of mathematics that focuses on the organization, analysis, and interpretation of a group of numbers.”(Aron, Aron, & Coups, 2009, p. 2). In addition to focusing on the organization and analysis of numbers, statistics is divided into two primary branches. The first branch of statistics is descriptive statistics and the second branch is inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics is relevant in defining or summarizing the role a group of numbers play in research. However, inferential statistics assist the researcher in drawing conclusions and making inferences from numbers based on research, but not limited to that research. Inferential statistics go beyond the premature stage of numerical research and delve into a deeper level of comprehension for the researcher.
Aron, et al (2009) states that, “statistics is a basic process employed by every human that requires observation. ...