Research Methods Essay

1686 words - 7 pages

Quantitative and Qualitative are said to be systematic in different design. Both design have to follow a process system that involved defining a principle of research.
General speaking, quantitative research is thought to be objective, however qualitative research often involves a subjective element. There are differences designs in qualitative research in comparison to quantitative research. Qualitative research involves words, pictures, or objects; Quantitative involves data in the form of numbers and statistics.
However, the researcher uses in-depth interviews in qualitative research to find out how the subjects view their world. In quantitative research the researcher uses precise measurement to predict hypotheses. Whereas, qualitative research the researcher changes the environment of the subject and uses these in-depth questionnaires to find differing attitudes about the world we research live in. Similarly, quantitative can be personal, such as in the periodic visits with the researchers to analysis symptoms and record data.
Qualitative and Quantitative can overlap each other, for example, in the in-dept interview process in quantitative research to record data and test subjects for symptoms. They can overlap but conclusively differences such numerical data collection and statistics that will always be at odds.
Qualitative and Quantitative design have many advantage and disadvantage. There are different designs that allow researches to draw different kinds of conclusions and Interpretations. For example Qualitative research can be critical. Qualitative data are extremely varied in nature. For Example, Quantitative focuses on tightly controlled variables in a structured setting to provide an explanation of laws.

Qualitative and Quantitative can be used in different paradigm
Qualitative research has alternative research methods and date collection methods.
Qualitative research is conducted in a natural setting and attempts to understand a human problem by developing a holistic narrative and reporting detailed views of informants about the culture of a problem. It forms a report with pictures and words. One of the most important distinctions that sets qualitative research apart from more traditional types of research is that qualitative research is holistic in that researchers study phenomena in their entirety rather than narrowing the focus to specific defined variables” (p. 93). Similarly, Cresswell (1984) indicated that qualitative research “is defined as an inquiry process of understanding a social or human problem, based on building a holistic picture, formed with words, reporting detailed views of informants, and conducted in a natural setting” (p. 2). Cresswell’s definition clearly delineates the major characteristics of qualitative research. Pg. 50 (Smith & Davis, 2010).
Pg. 51 (Smith & Davis, 2010). “How do researchers evaluate trustworthiness?” Guba and Lincoln (1994) proposed that trustworthiness could...

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