This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Residential Segregation In America Essay

2394 words - 10 pages

Definition and Measurement of Residential Segregation
According to Massey and Denton (1988), residential segregation “is the degree to which two or more groups live separately from one another, in different parts of the urban environment”(282). Now this is a pretty general definition, but it gives basic but good insight as to what residential desegregation is talking about. In this paper, I will mostly be focusing on residential segregation as it relates to the black and white populations in relation to one another, although I will be referencing some other races briefly to create a better understanding of concepts or ideas.
At a deeper level, residential segregation has five different dimensions to it that it is measured by, those are: evenness, exposure, concentration, centralization, and clustering. All of these different dimensions are measure in different ways, but the most common measurement of residential segregation is done with the dissimilarity index, or the DI. The dissimilarity index “is a measure of the evenness with which two groups are distributed across the component geographic areas that make up a larger areas” (Racial Residential Segregation). As I underlined, the dissimilarity index is one way to measure the dimension of evenness for residential segregation. A DI measurement can range from a measurement of zero to one- hundred. Leah Platt Boustan gives and example of how this index works in her article Racial Residential Segregation In American Cities, “consider a city with a population that is half black and half white and that is divided into two neighborhoods. In the least segregated distribution of the population, each neighborhood would itself be half black and half white, reflecting the city average (DI=0). In the most segregated distribution, the first neighborhood would me entirely black and the second neighborhood would be entirely white (DI=100)” (Boustan, p. 1). As far as it goes for what is considered highly segregated measurements and lower segregated measurements, cities with a measurement under 30 is considered well integrated, cities with a measurement between 30 and 60 are considered moderately segregated, and cities with a measurement over 60 are considered very segregated (Massed and Denton 1993, p. 20). One of the main reasons that the DI is the most widely used because it can be consistently constructed with the census data that is available during the time you are looking at, and this is and easy way to compare censuses numbers from different times in a consistent manner (Boustan, p. 1).
As far as it goes for exposure or isolation, meaning, how isolated a certain group or race is, the way that it is typically measured is through isolation measures. Determining “the percentage of residents black in the census tract of the typical black in metropolitan” areas usually does this, and this can also be done with the white areas, and if the “whites tend to live in almost all white census tracts,...

Find Another Essay On Residential Segregation In America

Lorraine Hansbury's A Raisin in the Sun: Opening the Eyes of America to Segregation and Inequality

1823 words - 8 pages Ever since her rise to fame, Lorraine Hansberry has opened the eyes of many and showed that there is a problem among the American people. Through her own life experiences in the twentieth-century, she has written what she knows and brought forth the issue that there is racial segregation, and it will not be ignored. Her most popular work, A Raisin in the Sun, not only brought African Americans to the theater, but has given many of

This covers the case of "seperate but equal". It deals with segregation in America

334 words - 2 pages The case of "Separate but Equal" Segregation was a very normal part of life for unfortunately many years. Even after the Civil War had ended, separation of black and white citizens was very common. There were separate churches, schools, markets, busses, trains, and restaurants for African American communities. Starting in 1892, twenty-seven years after the Civil War, a man named, Mr. Homer Plessy, who was of mixed race, was thrown in jail

Racial Segregation

728 words - 3 pages According to PEW study by Richard Fry and Paul Taylor, the study found that 28% of lower-income households in 2010 were located in a majority lower-income census tract, which is up from 23% in 1980. An analysis of the act of residential segregation throughout the US has revealed many challenges that the youth in America either are facing at this very moment or can and will continue to be an ongoing issue throughout neighborhoods. The question of

Segregation vs. Integration

1468 words - 6 pages Segregation vs. Integration One of the most significant issues which the United States has dealt with for decades is the issue of racial segregation. In a post-Civil Rights era, there is a common tendency to assume that racism is no longer a pressing social concern in America due to the gradual erosion of whiteness. During the late 1800s and much of the 1900s, segregation had been a controversial and divisive issue throughout the country

Segregation in the United States

2491 words - 10 pages Some social researchers sustain that nowadays segregation in the United States of America is disappearing, while others withstand the opposite. The purpose of this study is to analyze if there is racially/ethnically segregation at residential level in most cities of the United States, as well as concentrated wealth, privilege, and poverty in certain parts of most cities. A brief historical introduction of the social frame of the United States

Major Essay Three segregation in education - Lincoln Land Community College English 101 - Research paper

1260 words - 6 pages In Middle school, I remember learning about a little girl named Ruby Nell Bridges who made a huge impact on society. In 1964 the Civil Rights Act was instated which ended segregation in America. The ending of segregation made it illegal to discriminate against another person solely based on race. As a precursor to the 1964 Civil Rights Act, six-year-old Ruby Bridges became a Civil Rights Activist. Ruby attended an all-black elementary school due

Taja Williams

677 words - 3 pages Residential Segregation The purpose of this paper is to address residential segregation, why it exists, and how it relates to crime. Residential segregation is the physical separation of one or more groups based upon race and is more pronounced in suburban areas and inner city neighborhoods (Class Notes, 2014). Inner city neighborhoods are heavily populated with racial and ethnic minorities and tend to lack socially stabilizing resources such

The Unjust World of Segregation in American Apartheid by Douglas S. Massey and Nancy A. Denton

1202 words - 5 pages of Pennsylvania. He is an expert in immigration, specifically in residential segregation of black citizens within local communities. The second author of the book is Nancy A. Denton. She currently serves as the director of urban and regional research and as the associate director of social and demographic analysis at the Lewis Mumford Center in Albany, New York. She specializes in immigration, specifically in the families of immigrants and their

The Right to a Healthy Environment

1470 words - 6 pages and residential segregation. Beginning in 1934, the federal government, through the Federal Housing Administration’s mortgage insurance programs, transformed the American housing market from one that was essentially inaccessible to people outside the upper-middle and upper classes to a broadbased one—but for whites only ("Initial Report of the United States of America to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

Housing Segregation and Minority Groups in the United States

948 words - 4 pages minority groups. They use these methods to undercut property values and trap minorities in segregation neighborhoods. It causes lenders deny mortgages whether or not both the buyer and seller have agreed on a price which, makes minorities to choose a segregated area away from the majority group. In the United States, housing segregation or residential segregation still exists; however, it is declining. Since the 1960’s, there have been

Hypothetical Southern White Reaction to the Distribution of the Montgommery Bus Boycott Leaflet

799 words - 3 pages but as Parks got off of the bus, Blake drove off leaving her to walk home. This defiance by Parks had created a major turning point in civil rights by sparking the start of the civil rights movement. This source shows us what life was like for the black community, specifically black women, in the southern states of America. The source is a picture of a leaflet distributed in 1955 by the ?Women?s political council,? an anti-segregation group

Similar Essays

Residential Segregation In Cincinnati Essay

1245 words - 5 pages in Cincinnati has resulted from many things such as racial tensions and residential segregation. This has also occurred due to white migration, or “white flight.” It is often when a large number of African Americans move to a primarily white neighborhood, it is not uncommon for the phenomena of white flight to occur. This is also what has created sprawling neighborhoods in Cincinnati. Ultimately by reading and understanding the texts of

Racism, Racial Profiling And Segregation In America

2896 words - 12 pages "--we are all complicit and we all carry a certain responsibility for America's original sin: racism." -- David Bedrick As I walked into the State University Student Center one morning, a disturbing sight immediately struck me. The sight that lay before my eyes was not only very disturbing but also very common at State University. Although the Supreme Court in 1954 in Brown vs. The Topeka Board of Education declared segregation illegal

Separate And Unequal: Overcoming Segregation In America

4076 words - 16 pages At the time of the African-American Civil Rights movement, segregation was abundant in all aspects of life. Separation, it seemed, was the new motto for all of America. But change was coming. In order to create a nation of true equality, segregation had to be eradicated throughout all of America. Although most people tend to think that it was only well-known, and popular figureheads such as Martin Luther King Junior or Rosa Parks, who were the

The Effects Of The Birmingham Campaign On Segregation In America

2065 words - 8 pages Reference USA, 2000. Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 29 Sep. 2011. . “Birmingham Jail is so Crowded, Breakfast Takes Four Hours.” The New York Times. 8 May, 1963: 29 Print. “Commentary on 1963.” Civil Rights in the America. Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media, 1999, American Journey. Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 29 Sep. 2011. . “Fire Hoses and Police Dogs Quell Birmingham Segregation