This article analyzes the ways in which circulating discourses in social networks shape representations about the political action of the Chilean students’ movement.
The study seeks to enquire about linguistic, psychosocial, and historic-political factors that influence the ways of self and hetero online representation of the students' action. Regarding theoretical and methodological terms, it is prioritized a qualitative focus circumscribed to the area of Critical Discourse Studies, within which it is considered: a) the socio-cognitive model by Teun van Dijk) (2012, 2011, 2010, 1999), with special focus on his lecture of political identities, ideology and context, y and b) the notions of mediation, mediatization, and meta-representation proposed by Neyla Pardo Abril) (2012, 2009, 2008), which explain the impact of tecnological interaction over discoursive adecuation, including not only new means of communication but also new ways to exercise citizenship.
The corpus has been taken from the Facebook fan page Estudiantes Informados (Informed Students) during September and December 2011, and it comprises pieces of news from cibernews websites which retrieve controversial events related to the educational conflict and their associated comments. The objectives that orientate the analysis are related to the following processes: 1) identify the main identity and ideological schemes that update the online discourses about political action of the youth, 2) describe the models of context that monitor such communicative practices, and 3) investigate about the common knowledge base that ties the representations to the recognition of intergenerational historical memories.
The results suggest that social networks like Facebook constitute a space for negotiation of representations that confronts the students with the Chilean government, in relation to: a) methods of protest undertaken by the...