Resilience And Vulnerability Among Children Essay

2592 words - 10 pages

Vulnerability and resilience among children continues to be a popular topic in research of developmental psychology. The two definitions are closely tied together as they are considered both sides to the spectrum. Schaffer (2006) defines vulnerability and resilience “as the susceptibility to develop malfunctioning following exposure to stressful life events, as opposed to the capacity to maintain competent functioning stress”. If stressful life events are the trigger here, why is it that some children are far more vulnerable, yet others are more resilient? The three studies discussed in this paper will attempt to explain why these differences occur and what can we do to enhance protective factors.
An easy way to conceptualize the term resilient is defined by Berger (2008). Berger (2008) refers to resilience “as the capacity to adapt well to significant adversity and to overcome serious stress”. According to Berger (2008) there are three parts to this definition: resilience is dynamic, it is a positive adaptation to stress, and adversity must be significant. In regards to Berger’s first part, it is apparent that resilience is dynamic. In one article, a 14-year old girl was described as living absent from her institutionalized mother, and because of this she was responsible for taking care of her younger siblings and alcoholic father (Alvord & Grados, 2005). Results of a longitudinal study concluded that although she should have formed an avoidant relationship with a future partner, she went on to form a secure and long lasting marriage. The article questions if she was good at coping (resilient) or was she invulnerable? Second part to Berger’s definition is the fact that resilience is a positive adaptation to stress. A more recent study has given us evidence that children can recover and develop normally (Alvord & Grados, 2005). These findings were evident when deprived orphans from Romania were adopted to amorous families living in the United Kingdom. Following the adoption, cognitive and physical growth increased. These children had the ability to continue their growth through wise choices, enhanced education, and take advantages of new opportunities (Alvord & Grados, 2005). Finally, Berger (2008) explains “Adversity must be significant. Some adversities are comparatively minor (large class size, poor vision), and some are major (victimization, neglect). Looking at adversity from a humanistic perspective we need to recognize individual differences, such as culture, gender, and emotional experiences. Keep in mind, resilience is not a personality trait, it is a process.
Schaffer (2006) defines risk and protective factors as “conditions that increase the probability of some undesirable outcome or, on contrary, conditions that buffer the individuals against undesirable outcomes”. Risk and protective factors exist independently from one individual to another. Not only are an individual’s characteristics important, but their...

Find Another Essay On Resilience and Vulnerability Among Children

Supported or Pressured? An Examination of Agreement Among Parent's and Children on Parent's Role in Youth Sports.

860 words - 3 pages anxiety and stress we impose on our child athletes. Only a true athlete can play at their ability when they are free from stress and anxiety. To play because they want to play, not because their parents want them to.Kanters, Michael A., Bocaro, Jason, & Casper, Jonathan. (2008). Supported orPressured? An Examination of Agreement Among Parent’s and Children on Parent’s Role in Youth Sports. Journal of Sports Behavior, 31, 31-36.

Favoritism Among Parents and Children Essay

1482 words - 6 pages she would never be even close to the favorite in her “family”. Today at age 18, she’s still searching for the mother who believes in her own daughter, and who is there even when she fails. She has grown so used to doing things in order to receive love, that she has forgotten about trying to make herself happy. Like Laura, they’re are many children who suffer to extremes because of the conditional love of their parents. Children who get an

Increasing the awareness of behaviors and activities that lead to the risk of chronic diseases among children.

659 words - 3 pages 1. Introduction A. Topic/Introductory sentence: Children are influenced by all their surroundings. Teaching children how to make healthy choices at an early age will decrease the rate of chronic diseases with them and future generations. B. Many children develop unhealthy habits at a young age from poor examples and the lack of education. Some of these habits include losing the desire to exercise, poor eating practices, and eventually

Resilience Training

2140 words - 9 pages at the effects of resilience training. Resilience training has been shown to be effective in decreasing depression in participants (Brunwasser, Gillham, & Kim, 2009). If resilience training can decrease depression, which is one of the common outcomes children with bullying develop, it might be successful in buffering against other negative outcomes. All of the research in the area of bullying, victimization, and health effects continues to

PROFFESSOR FOR A DAY

1013 words - 5 pages and rejection. The influence of psychological vulnerability on children and the elderly is more serious than that on others. To children, needs for understanding can be frustrated by failure of adults to respond to enquiry, to give needed and relevant information, to communicate freely and appropriately. To the elderly, a major area of their psychological vulnerability is intellectual functioning. Although current research findings indicate that

Children: Innocent Victims of Domestic Violence

2101 words - 8 pages truancy, early sexual activity, substance abuse, and delinquency. Information derived from Meltzer et al (2009) revealed that girls, 12-18 years, showed behavioral problems such as aggression and delinquency while males were reported to experience sadness. Unfortunately, children of all ages exposed to domestic violence are also in jeopardy to duplicate their experience in the next generation, as either victims or perpetrators. Resilience among

Factors that Contribute to Alcohol Abuse among Adolescents

1402 words - 6 pages . Resilience and vulnerability among sons of alcoholics: Relationship to developmental outcomes between early childhood and adolescence. In: Luthar, S.S., ed. Resilience and Vulnerability: Adaptation in the Context of Childhood Adversities. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. pp. 76–103.

disaster

727 words - 3 pages  To conduct a thorough review of existing approaches among WASH disaster relief organizations.  Bangladesh is vulnerable to several natural disasters and every year natural calamities upset people's lives in some part of the country (ref).  The major disasters concerned here are the occurrences of flood, cyclone and storm surge, flash flood, drought, tornado, and landslide. These extreme natural events are termed disasters when they

Discrimination Makes African-Americans Stronger

1842 words - 7 pages rates.  This provides reasonable doubt for those sources that claim blacks have inferior mental health. Now the question remains: what are the causes for the higher rates of mental health in the black-American community?  Researchers agree upon the idea that a resilience does exist within blacks.  The Task Force on Resilience and Strength in African American Children and Adolescents, an organization committed to transforming psychology’s “approach

Risk and Resilience in Adolescence

1829 words - 8 pages loneliness in Adolescence: Perceived - But Not Actual- Social Acceptance as an Underlying Mechanism. Journal of Abnormal Children Psychology, 1061-1081. Wassell, D. B. & Iain, S. C. (2002). Adolescence : Assessing and Promoting Resilience in Vulnerable Children. Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers . Woodvard, L. J. & Fergusson, D. M. (2001). Life Course Outcomes of Young People with Anxiety Disorders in Adolescence. Journal of The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1081-1093.

Power & Duties of a Social Worker

4089 words - 16 pages wellbeing and safety as well as delineate guidelines and principles for assessment and intervention. The model draws from the contributions of a number of sources in an attempt to show the range of interrelated family and child needs that, when met, promote optimal functioning and development.Resilience, Coping, and AdaptationIn their work with children and families, practitioners can be guided by knowledge regarding resilience, coping, and

Similar Essays

Depression Among Children And Adolescents Essay

618 words - 2 pages More and more children and adolescents suffer from depression everyday without the knowledge of their parents. One in every thirty three children, or two and a half percent, suffer from clinical depression, and a surprising eight and a half percent, or one in every eight, of adolescents in the United States suffer from depression. While these numbers may not seem very high, this is a very dangerous mental, behavioral and emotional disorder for

Separation Anxiety Disorder Among Children And Adolescents

1315 words - 5 pages This paper examines the various symptoms of Separation Anxiety Disorder among children and adolescents, the refusal of children diagnosed with Separation Anxiety Disorder to go to school, and the treatments that are used to treat this disorder. Studies have shown that Separation Anxiety Disorder is the third most common anxiety disorder among children. Symptoms are fairly easy to recognize, but must be addressed quickly. Refusal to go to school

Curtailing Overweight And Obesity Among Children

1805 words - 7 pages ., Dubowitz, H., Isbell, P., English, D. J., . . . Thompson, R. (2011). Developmental trajectories of behavior problems among children who have experienced maltreatment: Heterogeneity during early childhood and ecological predictors. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 19(4), 204-216. doi:10.1177/1063426610383861 Zivkovic, T., Warin, M., Davies, M., & Moore, V. (2010). In the name of the child: The gendered politics of childhood obesity. Journal of Sociology, 46(4), 375-392. doi:10.1177/1440783310384456

Causes And Consequences Of Rebellion: "Mercy Among The Children" By David Adams Richards

1347 words - 5 pages In modern world, few people follow Christ's philosophy of non-violence. In fact, most people follow the philosophy of revenge and payback. The reason for people not following the philosophy of non-violence lies in its difficulty and the belief that people will take advantages of them. In the novel of "Mercy Among the Children" by David Adams Richards. The author uses the devices of point of view, narrative structure and characterization to