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Resistance From African Americans To The Naturalization Act Of 1790

1743 words - 7 pages

In 1790, there was Naturalization Act in United States that questioned who was able to receive the term citizenship. The Naturalization Act states that only free white person are eligible for citizenship. After the Naturalization Act, there has been movement, daily action, and protest from people of color, and white women. Politically, socially, and economically, white men hold dominance in United States for many years. Thus for that many years, the people of color and women would fight for their political, social, and economical rights in United States. These actions were done differently with each racial group, as they are in different hierarchical status. As “Benedict Anderson viewed the ...view middle of the document...

The resistance strategy that Californian Mexican used in order to receive hierarchical rights was to reasoned with European American. Again, they used their relationship with Spain as part of their arguments. They relate their religion, language, and culture that they created the image of Mexican as part of “white” racialization. Following the cultural and ideological process of racializing Mexican in California. “Those entitled to vote were “White male citizens of the United States and every White male citizen of Mexico, who shall have elected to become a citizen of the United States.”” (Almaguer, 56) As the Californian Mexican men continued to categorize themselves as white men, they intentionally excluded African American and Indians to have the same privilege as they do. Californian Mexican’s entitlement to vote enable them to utilize their status as free citizen and challenge the treatments European Americans used to subordinate other racialized groups in California. In other word, the ideology that they have established as “free white citizen” has given them more power than other racialized groups. Not only that, the Californian Mexican justified the exclusion of Indian American as they were considered as “uncivilized savages.” Many high classes Californian Mexican who own lands would have Indian men and women as their slaves. Thus, creating tension between Mexican and Indians in California as the Mexican received more privileges by racializing other racial groups.
It is not only between races, but also between genders of each races. Even though white supremacy was the main exclusion of the rights of people of color, women were also excluded from certain things. White women were excluded politically, socially, and economically. Most of white women fight for their rights by actively challenging the system, others would fight by justifying the exclusion of African American, and how they should not be treated the same. “The National Federation of Afro-American Women, formed in 1895, worked for the vote for all women; its white counterpart, the General Federation of Women’s Clubs, excluded blacks and refused to endorse women’s suffrage until 1914.” (Glenn, 46) Thus created difficulties for white women to achieve their hierarchical rights as they racialized African American women. Their process of gaining their rights excluded the women of color continuously. The NSWA would bar African American women from membership and thus proving that the have different interest from women of color. Many white women believed that they should achieve rights that should not be given to the women of color. As many white women were against the idea of increasing immigrants.
African American had struggled decades of slavery, and more years in the unjust treatment of the society. After the federal reconstruction, the government had a system called Jim Crow that segregated African American with the European American in the Southern states from 1877 to 1920s. Jim...

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