Solving World Hunger through Microenterprises, Policy, and Community Health Workers
The World Hunger Education Service (2011) describes world hunger as the want or scarcity of food or nutrients in a country. World hunger is an insidious issue that impedes progress for millions worldwide. World hunger is not only a physical need, but also has emotional and ethical implications. Living in “obesogenic” America where supermarkets display hundreds of thousands of food items and obesity affects more than 30.6% of all Americans (Nation Masters, 2011), it is unimaginable to concede that world hunger still exists. As a U. S. dietitian working with many morbidly obese patients and others with obesity-related diseases, it is unthinkable that it could be fair to have people starving to death in a world filled with food.
Food is the sustenance of life, without which people die. Fairness demands that food be equally distributed and justly provided to all human beings. This writer reflected on the issue of world hunger and the possible ethical implications and decided to take action by developing this proposal to end world hunger. This proposal has one major intervention with three tiers or levels. As a part of this proposal, this writer will discuss why world hunger is an ethical issue, review its impact on the global community, describe the positive changes that could occur if this proposal was implemented, identify fiscal and human resources needed to implement this change, describe global stakeholders, and discuss why solving world hunger is of any consequence to the functioning of the world. However, before discussing world hunger and its ethical implications, it seems timely to provide a brief background on ethics in general and global ethics in particular.
World Hunger an Ethical Issue
Beauchamp and Childress (2001) “the fathers of ethics,” suggested that there are four principles of ethics; these are respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice. Global ethics work to address the moral questions that arise from globalization. According to the University of Birmingham (n.d.) some of the most pressing of these questions arise from the “great systematic disparities of wealth, health, longevity, security, and freedom across the globe" (para. 3). Ethicists Andre and Velasquez (1992) suggested that world hunger is a problem that violates the ethical concepts of beneficence, justice and fairness, and respect. These ethicists argue that solving world hunger should be a moral obligation.
Beneficence is any act that is done for the benefit of others (Tong, 2007). As it relates to world hunger, beneficent actions suggest that the global community work to solve this problem so that all global citizens have enough to eat. Respect for life dictates that people are valued as humans with worth to the human race. Non-maleficence suggests we do no harm to others. Harming someone by withholding food, or providing foods to only certain groups...