Resources And Governance In Papua New Guinea

2073 words - 8 pages

“The government, which was designed for the people, has got into the hands of the bosses and their employers, the special interests. An invisible empire has been set up above the forms of democracy.” -Woodrow Wilson
The Independent State of Papua New Guinea, like many of its neighbors, has struggled with issues of governance issues since the country gained independence in 1975. The influx of foreign capital and currency that will result from the exploration of Papua New Guinea’s natural gas resources will certainly affect the country. The new financial resources provide an opportunity to improve infrastructure and create an avenue for the majority of the people of Papua New Guinea to join the formal economy. By looking at the impact of infrastructure improvements and the governance challenges associated with large stores of natural resources in otherwise poor nations and applying them to the specific case of Papua New Guinea, this paper will make proposals for policies that the U.S. government should enact to improve the chances of success in Papua New Guinea.
The country of Papua New Guinea consists of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea (second largest in the world) and an archipelago of adjacent islands. From 1949 until independence in 1975, it was administered as a trusteeship by Australia, its neighbor to the south from whom it is separated only by the narrow Torres Strait. The geography of Papua New Guinea is dominated by tropical jungles and nearly impassable mountains, contributing to the isolation and diversification of the people living there.
Even within the population living on the main island, there is an incredible diversity of customs, traditions, and language. “The diversity, reflected in a folk saying, ‘For each village, a different culture,’ is perhaps best shown in the local languages. Spoken mainly on the island of New Guinea--composed of Papua New Guinea and the Indonesian province of West Papua--some 800 of these languages have been identified; of these, only 350-450 are related. The remainder seem to be totally unrelated either to each other or to the other major groupings.” Many of these people are living without access to basic services, and even those that are living in urban areas are not earning a sufficient income to provide for consumption, education, and health care. As a result, the relative successful performance of the PNG economy must be tempered by recent estimates that 40 percent of Papua New Guineans are living on less than US$1 per day.
Although it has not been the subject of repeated coups as some other poor nations have, the government has suffered from a fractured and unstable government, which has continued through the present government. “In the 2007 elections, 66 members of parliament lost their seats. The government was formed by a coalition of several parties, and Michael Somare, the leader of the National Alliance (and the nation's first Prime Minister in...

Find Another Essay On Resources and Governance in Papua New Guinea

Prospects of Large Scale Rice Suitability Analysis in Papua New Guinea

2239 words - 9 pages Guinea. [3] Joachim, A.R. Pitala., (2011). Subsistence Agriculture in Papua New Guinea – is it contributor or a threat to biological diversity?. In: Proceedings of Fourth Annual Science and Technology conference, pp. 112-117, “Application of Science and Technology for Sustainable utilisation of Natural Resources”. [4] Laccey, R., (1981). Agricultural production on the eve of colonialism. In: D Denoon and C. Snowden (eds), A History of Agriculture in

The Trobriand Islanders of Papua New Guinea - anthopology - paper

469 words - 2 pages Yalda Khademyani 300270225 006 The Trobriand Islanders of Papua New Guinea Director David Watson 52 minutes. In the series, Disappearing World from Granada Television International. This film is based in Papua New Guinea, on the island of Trobiand. They have a very unique society, which is a matrilineal society revolving around the production of yams and bundles made from banana leaves. Women have the economic power in this society, as their

Analyzing Cohesion of the Article Papua New Guinea: A Trek to the Village Time Forgot by Kevin Rushby

2492 words - 10 pages , substitution and conjunction. In the following, a text will be analyzed on the basis of cohesion, specifically the different types of reference and lexical cohesion. The text at hand is an online article taken from the guardian and written by Kevin Rushby, titled “Papua New Guinea: a trek to the village time forgot”. It was published on January 31st, 2014. The text's content deals with a journalist's (Kevin Rushby) journey to a remote village in the

New Guinea During the Battle of the Pacific -It's the military involvement during the war in New Guinea

1222 words - 5 pages , terrible weather, and tropical diseases made it almost impossible for Allied ground troops to march across New Guinea, although airlifting troops with C-47s provided one solution. General Sir Thomas Blamey, commander of the Australian Military Forces and ground commander MacArthur, Became ignorant of the conditions in Papua. Therefore their response was to send more men in. The men were poorly equipped, over-loaded and badly supported and supplied

Corporate Governance in annual reports. Includes Shell, Ahold, Philips and the new CG-rules in the Netherlands (Commission Tabaksblat)

4873 words - 19 pages NetherlandsOn the first of juli 2003 the commission Tabaksblat presented the concept for "De Nederlandse Corporate Governance Code". In this code the "best practice" rules and regulations in relation to corporate governance in the Netherlands are stipulated. Those "best practise" regulations state the norm for the behaviour of the management team, board of directors, shareholders and controllers and accountants . This new code is based on the

ICT and governance in The Netherland

1365 words - 6 pages involved. Programs called “Public Key Infrastructure”, “Digital Signature” and “Streaming Key Data” were developed to facilitate these types of actions. Yet, the government also has to adapt itself in order for e-governance to function. Therefore, the final stage, change, focusing on transforming the current government into a “new government”, which promote higher political participation among the citizens; meanwhile, providing efficient services

The Need for New Management Models in Human Resources

4980 words - 20 pages Thesis Statement: Advances in technology along with shifts in the nations’ social structure heavily impact the workplace environment, creating a need for new management models in Human Resources. I. The Changing Workplace A. An Historical Perspective of Jobs in America B. Jobs in the 21st Century II. Identifying Corporate Needs A. The Emergence of Human Resource Management as a Component of General Management

ANIMAL TESTINGAnimal testing has been around for centuries not only as a way to “ safely” test improved and new medicine but also to be a guinea p

1009 words - 5 pages Animal testing has been around for centuries not only as a way to “ safely” test improved and new medicine but also to be a guinea pig for well know making up and facial care providers. A topic that has had much discussion in recent times is one that is not talked lightly about. The topic has to main components to it: people that believe that even though animal testing is immoral it is necessary for the future exploration into the medical and

Human Resources Management in the Asia Pacific: Provide arguments for shifting certain functions, retaining other function and developing new function within companies based in the region

1868 words - 7 pages of his/her contribution. Developing new function is essential in order to develop staff potential to meet their personal aspirations for career development and job satisfaction where these can reasonably be accommodated in terms of cost and time.What are the implications for the Human Resources Management personnel in Singapore, Korea and Taiwan based companies.Ten years ago, Human Resource Management was nearly an unknown term in Asia. Training

Change in Management and Human Resources

2296 words - 10 pages Management. 1st ed. New Delhi: Discovery Publishing House. Simms, H. (2005). Organisational Behaviour and Change Management. 1st ed. pp.96-120. Ulrich, D. (1998). A new mandate for human resources. Harvard business review, 76, pp.124--135. Yılmaz and Kılıçoğlu, G. (2013). Resistance to change and ways of reducing resistance in educational organizations. European Journal of Research on Education, 1(1), pp.14--21.

Development Comparison of Corporate Governance in Malaysia and Singapore

1410 words - 6 pages The Asian Financial Crisis which exposed the corporate governance weaknesses was a wake-up call for all the policymakers, standard setters as well as the companies (OECD, 2014). The parties that involved and affected from the crisis started to realize the importance of having strong corporate governance practices in their countries. Consequently, the Asian economies along with the OECD established the Asian Roundtable on Corporate Governance in

Similar Essays

Labour In Papua New Guinea Essay

6411 words - 26 pages ', in C. Moore, J. Leckieand D. Munro (eds), Labour in the South Pacific,Townsville: Department of History andPolitics, and the Melanesian Studies Centre,James Cook University:78-107.Nelson, H., 1976. Black, White and Gold: GoldMining in Papua New Guinea 1878-1930,Australian National University Press, Canberra.--, 1992. 'Gully-Rakers, Mining Companiesand Parallels of War' in S. Henningham and R.May (eds), Resources, Development and Politicsin the

Papua New Guinea Essay

1836 words - 7 pages features some of the most enduring-undiscovered landscapes of our modern times. In the heart of the Melanesian sub-region sits the world’s second largest island – New Guinea. The eastern portion of the island of New Guinea along with the islands of Bougainville, New Britain, and New Ireland describe the geographic-borders of the Country of Papua New Guinea (PNG). PNG is located along the tropical geographic region of the Pacific Ring of Fire

Papua New Guinea: Religion, Tradition And The Ensuing Violence

2242 words - 9 pages be a quick act of revenge, has now manifested into something much more sordid and dark Accusations of witchcraft have most commonly been seen in history during some sort of economic crisis. Some examples include the Puritan settlers who suffered from limited resources, medieval Europe struggling with insulting gaps of income, and contemporary sub-Saharan Africa which deals with both of those issues (Campano). Papua New Guinea would fit into this

Papua New Guinea Geography 1102 Research Paper

774 words - 4 pages World regional geography Papua New Guinea is an island in the South Pacific that is just outside Australia. This is the second biggest island and Papua New Guinea is on the eastern side of the island along with about 600 other small islands surrounding it, which is the home to over 8 million people. The capital of this large island is Port Moresby surrounded by other important cities such as Lae and Armara. The Prime Minister is Peter O’Neill