Answers Essay

1029 words - 5 pages

1. Other criteria that should be considered for determining species replacement are: tree physiology such as growth, seed dispersal and maturity. Ecological features should be considered. Feathers such as soil type, drainage, seedbed type, and nutrients. Successional stage of the current forest should also be considered as well. Tree physiology is important to determine what species would replacement. Characteristics that allow tree species to grow fast and tall, allow for the species to be shade intolerant (Bruns and Honkala, 1990, OMNR, 1998; OMNR, 2000; Homes, 2006; Matonis et al, 2011). This characteristic is found in many pioneer species such as: Fraxinus americana, Betula papyrifera Populus tremuloides, Populus balsamifera, Populus grandidentata, all which can be found in the South Drumlin Nature area. Also, the physiology of shade tolerant trees are also as important as shade tolerant species such as Acer saccharum, Fagus grandifolia, Tusga canadensis and Ostrya virginiana are facilitators species (Bruns and Honkala, 1990, OMNR, 1998; OMNR, 2000). These species are able to facilitate the environment around them to be suitable for their own species. A study by Woods (1984) found that the canopies of some species are able to influence the area around it. Canopies from species such as Tusga canadensis and Tilia americana discriminate against other species, while the canopy from Acer saccharum favours Fagus grandifolia (Woods, 1984). Matonis et al (2011) suggest that there are multiply variations that influence gap regeneration and that great light availability would be most suitable for species such as Fraxinus americana ; Populus balsamifera, Populus grandidenta and Butula papyrifera.
Many other studies (Poulson and Plati, 1994; Runkle, 1981; Brewer and Merritt, 1978) show that, in an Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia dominated forest, which the replacement species are also of these two species. However, using data from another course (Management of Forest Ecosystems 3200Y) of the sample nature area, no Acer saccharum or Fagus grandifolia were found in the seedling, super seedling and sapling layer (Liang, 2014). Instead of Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia, Fraxinus americana and Ostrya virginiana were found to be the most abundant in those layers (Liang, 2014). Ostrya virginiana was found to be most abundant due its physiology, it reproduces aggressively when there is a sudden abundant of light (Bruns and Honkala, 1990; OMNR, 2000). In addition, the abundant of Ostrya virginiana is due to past grazing as it is known that the South Drumlin Nature Area was once used as a grazing field (Jones et al, 2002).
The other criteria that should be explored is the ecological feature of the site. History of the site is important as past disturbances and activities can influence the present forest stand. Past disturbances such as grazing can affect the regeneration, thus has a direct influence on the current forest stand. Grazing from cattle can...

Find Another Essay On Answers

No Good Answers Essay

951 words - 4 pages No Good Answers There are few issues for writers of prose, poetry, or lyrics more controversial than abortion. It inflames most who read it, and the issue can seldom be resolved without animosity. Ernest Hemingway and the Ben Folds / Darren Jessee songwriting duo circumvent this problem by not actually letting the audience know the final outcome. That decision is left to the individual reader or listener. Ernest Hemingway

Why do we need answers? Essay

891 words - 4 pages Answers are what make the world go round. Everyone loves answers because they give people gratification. Luckily, today we have a whole database of answers. This database is more commonly known as the Internet. Although the Internet is an amazing tool for research, the Internet can negatively affect how we learn and how we obtain answers. The fact that the Internet is so accessible, and is so easy to use, knowledge and answers are constantly

Sociology, Scenario Questions, and Answers

590 words - 2 pages basically going circles in my mind, it doesn't make it even worth coming.How might the surroundings affect the interview?The office being messy, cluttered, and dirty, would be a distraction to me, and would probably not benefit the interviewer with any resolution to precise answers. My concentration would be little to none.· You are at home when the incident takes place. You have been so busy that you have been unable to even tidy up the

Euthanasia Answers the Prayers of the Dying

1180 words - 5 pages Euthanasia Answers the Prayers of the Dying    "The good death." "Dying with dignity." "Assisted-suicide." Those are all terms for what doctors call euthanasia. Euthanasia is physician-assisted suicide, carried out by lethal injection or excessive barbiturates. In 1991 Jack Kevorkian assisted two women who were chronically ill to die. This was the first publicized case of euthanasia. Since then lawmakers have wondered if euthanasia should

More Questions from Answers: Belief and Reason

1015 words - 4 pages Surname 1NameProfessorCourseDateMore Questions from Answers: Belief and ReasonThe concept of God or gods presents a question of loaded terms, because this same word represents a global variety of belief systems regarding the existence of one or more gods- if any. Once a system of belief takes hold within a group of people, the believers usually start by explaining their beliefs, their reasoning, the source of their system, and how their religion

The hound of Baskerville - Questions and Answers

1162 words - 5 pages . 8. Briefly summarize Watson’s second report to Holmes. Watson has gone to Barrymore’s previous room to investigate. Watson also heard Barrymore’s footsteps at night quite a lot. He found out that Sir Henry got angry because he was not getting answers to his questions so he tried to force them out of Miss. Stapleton. 9. How does Watson feel about his assignment to observe the events at Baskerville Hall? He thinks that some the

Questions and Answers About Luxury Products

1527 words - 7 pages good fit as weakest attributes. (5) What are the implications for companies and businesses that use country of origin as a way of advertising / promoting their product and brands? (5 marks).Provide justification and theoretical support for ALL your answers. There were three major implications for companies and businesses that use country of origin as a way of advertising their product and brands which are foreignness effect, ethnocentrism effect

Answers to an Advanced Mathematics Test

1339 words - 6 pages function it is generally agreed that only the value of x between –π/2 and + π/2 is allowed. (Reference: Lecture notes, Answers to sample exam questions). Graph of y = ax + b (plot adopted from Graph of y = exp{x} (adopted from the same source) Graphs of periodic functions, e.g. a shifted sinusoidal function (sine or cosine, and a more complicated but still periodic function): (plot adopted

ECO 365 Final Exam with answers

4209 words - 17 pages Untitled ECO 365 FINAL EXAM Due Week 5 Day 7 This exam consists of 40 multiple choice questions, each worth 0.25 of a point. Please indicate your answer by entering an "x" into the box next to the correct answer. Save the file with your answers using the filename "ECO 365 Final - your name" and submit to your individual forum. 1

Looking for Answers in Looking for Richard

1865 words - 7 pages Looking for Answers in Looking for Richard       Al Pacino's "Looking for Richard" is an unusual film. It is a documentary about the complexities of Shakespeare, the performing of the play Richard III, and the ignorance of the average American regarding Shakespeare. The unusual nature of the film - it's similar to a filmed Cliff-notes version of the text - provokes wildly different reactions from film buffs, critics, and Shakespeare

The Hangman Text Exploration Question and Answers - Arroyo High School, English 10 - Questions and Answers

924 words - 4 pages . What happens to the narrator at the end of the poem? The Hangman hangs the narrator and nobody is there to speak up to save him. Search for the word “courthouse.” How many times is it used? 7 Why might this be important to the poem? Answers will vary. Students should recognize that it draws attention to the lack of lawfulness that a courthouse normally represents. References to the courthouse are more plentiful early in the poem, and decrease as

Similar Essays

Answers Essay

1867 words - 7 pages Potter - PAGE 4 Harrison PotterDr. Carolyn Hares-StrykerHonors 201December 9, 2004Annotated BibliographyBarker, Ernest. The Political Thought of Plato and Aristotle. New York: Dover, 1959. 94-101.Section three of chapter four, entitled "The Prima Facie Theory of Justice," investigates the conclusions that Plato draws concerning the nature of true justice. The first four books of The Republic attempt to establish a definition of justice which

What Passes For Answers Essay

1162 words - 5 pages People are in constant search for answers. They continue to find meaning behind every phenomena there is. May it be for their own conscience’s sake or for what to tell people around them. “What Passes For Answers?” is a collection of poems by Mikael de Lara Co which claims to answer life’s most hardest questions and to portray human experience. In understanding this collection of poems, the reader is faced to apprehend the art of poetry and

Searching For Answers Essay

1649 words - 7 pages .” (Morgan, 1996). There is no limit on the number and variety of questions the human person will ask, "the most subversive people are those who ask questions” (Gaarder), as a result there are many varied and opinionated answers. This essay will explore three different theories on how one might find answers to life's ultimate questions. At one point or another, every human being has asked the question why: Why am I here? What is my purpose

Answers To Midterm Essay

1791 words - 8 pages luxury car, and a swimming pool. Based on this test what would a cognitive approach say about this person? What would a psychodynamic approach say about them? From the answers that the student gave, two interpretations can be gleamed from both the cognitive and psychodynamic approaches. In the cognitive approach, the test shows that the individual scored low in fluency and flexibility as they had a low number of responses and of a singular category