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Responses To The Oil Crisis Essay

1213 words - 5 pages

  People need oil for daily life and work. Since World War II, oil had caused many serious problems in United States and throughout the world. Remarkably, economic and social problems were heightened by the emerging energy crisis. By 1974, the United States gained a third of its oil by importing from the Middle East.[ James Oakes, et al. Of The People: A History Of The United States (Oxford University Press, 2011), 881.] When the heavy war between Israel and Arabia erupted, the United States was not able to gain enough petroleum because it supported Israel. To show the dissatisfaction with the United States’ support to Israel, Arab members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting ...view middle of the document...

. The oil crisis of 1973-1974: a brief history with documents, 124-129.] and National Energy Policy Plan,[ Merrill, Karen R.. The oil crisis of 1973-1974: a brief history with documents, 131-133.] respectively. These three presidents all gave their own valuable plans about saving energy and increasing production of energy. Actually, speeches given by three different presidents had many similarities. However, each president owned his particular perspective about the oil crisis.
  Both President Richard Nixon and President Jimmy Carter explained their energy plans and principles step by step. They had some conspicuously similar plans in their speeches. Had realized that oil caused “a serious national problem,”[ Merrill, Karen R.. The oil crisis of 1973-1974: a brief history with documents, 66.] and that the great challenge related to oil was “unprecedented in our history,”[ Merrill, Karen R.. The oil crisis of 1973-1974: a brief history with documents, 125.] Nixon and Carter both mentioned the importances of lowering oil consumption. Because of the conflict between the United States and the Middle East, Americans inevitably faced the oil shortages. In order to protect the nation from the oil crisis, both presidents hoped people to take actions as soon as possible. They thought that delay would negatively affect people’s endeavor. Homes, schools, offices, and businesses all need oil. Nixon thought that people in everywhere could save oil. Carter also said that people must be fair-- everyone was asked to be responsible for making sacrifices; everyone should think of reducing the use of oil during his/her daily life.
  Moreover, both Nixon and Carter talk about encouragement and faith. In their opinion, these two things necessary for people to successfully accomplish the common goal. Nixon showed confidence, “we have huge, untapped sources of natural gas... We have some of the finest technical and scientific minds in the world. In short, we have all the resources we need to meet the great challenge before us.”[ Merrill, Karen R.. The oil crisis of 1973-1974: a brief history with documents, 70.] And Carter wanted to give people courage, “I have faith that meeting this challenge will make our own lives even richer.”[ Merrill, Karen R.. The oil crisis of 1973-1974: a brief history with documents, 127.] These words conspicuously showed presidents’ optimism. They ended their speeches with encouragement and appreciation so that they could enhance people’s strength and firm people’s determination of working together. Through the similarities of Nixon and Carter’s energy policy, it is clear that they both wanted to make people understand the necessity of conservation and to organize actions which were needed to support their...

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