The United Kingdom is a society with the good government system, structure and laws policing as well as keeping the populace safe. This established system and structures contribute to making the United Kingdom a safe place to stay. The latest figures from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) show that there were an estimated 8.5 million incidents of crime against households and resident adults (aged 16 and over) in England and Wales for the year ending June 2013 (ONS). This represents a 7% decrease compared with the previous year’s survey. Though the rate of crime seems to decrease recent concerns about the rate of reoffending seems to be in main stream of discussions today (ONS). Non-Governmental organizations have started a renewed campaign on the application of a community based system of justice which would include the Victim, offender and the community in crime resolution rather than Traditional justice system where retribution and reparation is the philosophy with, but with more emphasis on retribution. The operations of these non- governmental agencies are usually humanitarian and youth-centered with the aim of reducing crime and by attacking youth reoffending through a designed community program which include restorative justice. The objective of this report is to discuss the primary causes of youth delinquent behavior, the traditional justice system, its effectiveness and restorative Justice, and its application in reducing of reoffending in the United Kingdom.
Youth delinquent behavior
Just like the planning and initiation of any project the formative years of a child is very crucial to their futuristic outcome. Parents are usually saddled with this responsibility of the character formation since they are the primary institution in society. The formative years from birth to age eight (particularly in the 0-2 year age group) play a vital role in the formation of intelligence, personality and social behavior (UNICEF 2012).There is strong link between the quality of the child- parent relationship and juvenile delinquency and neglect and delinquency were seen to stand side by side (Hendricks 1994:24) A 2002 evaluation in north England conducted by Youth Justice board confirmed earlier notion that delinquent behaviors are generally caused by neglect of parental authority, improper conduct of parents, disproportionate severity in corrective process , weakness , moral laxity etc. indeed the improper conduct of parents was identified as one of the principal causes of juvenile delinquency (Goldson et al 2002). Hence we could conclude cognitive training which determine the behavior of a child is a major responsibility of a parent the nucleus of a community. Also such behavior could lead to crime and other vices which make the community less safe.
The Restorative justice is a system of justice where the Victim, offender and their community are all involved. T Marshall describes it as a process whereby all...