This report aims to explore the different views held on the effects of cosmetic surgery on teenagers. The report will also provide background to the debate, its social significance, identify the parties involved and put forward the differing arguments related to the views held.
2.0 The issue and background to the debate.
Cosmetic surgery is the process of reconstructing parts of the body according to one’s own will to improve their physical appearance as to achieve beauty perfection and it has become a small but notable trend among teenagers (Collins, 2013; Virtual Medical Centre, 2010).
3.0 The social significance of the debate.
The increasing demand for cosmetic surgery by teenagers has spark the concern of the public regarding the effects of cosmetic surgery on teenagers as teenagers are simple minded and are still not mature enough to consider the long-term consequences and danger of cosmetic surgery on their bodies (Collins, 2013; Woinarowicz, 2007). Therefore, the question here is does cosmetic surgery bring positive or negative effects on teenagers?
4.0 The participants in the debate.
The main participants in this debate are the teenagers, the society, plastic surgeons and the media who have expressed differing views on the effects of cosmetic surgery on teenagers (Virtual Medical Centre, 2010; Felice , 1994;BBC news,2005)
5.0 The differing views.
5.1 Cosmetic surgery brings positive effects on teenagers
There are many who are of the opinion that cosmetic surgery brings positive
effects to teenagers by improving their physical attractiveness and self-confidence.
5.1.1 It boosts their self-esteem and confidence
Supporters of this argument claim that cosmetic surgery allows a teenager to develop self-confidence and be more relax when socializing with others. This is a merit to the socialization process of a teenager which in turn improves their communication skills (Gunn, 2010).It also allows them to fit in better with their peers. According to a study made by Professor Sawer from the University of Pennsylvania, 87 per cent of patients go through less unfavorable body image emotions in social situations (Dittmann, 2005). Moreover, The American Society of Plastic Surgeons stated that plastic surgery “encourages and promotes a strong, positive self-image … allowing an individual’s self-confidence to flourish.” (Cosmetic surgery: Making a decision, 2010). Therefore it is believed that teenagers will become more confident in themselves thus increasing their productiveness.
5.1.2 Improves physical appearance
The media emphasizes a lot on the value of beauty and physical perfection of a person and according to Diana Zuckerman, president of the National Research Center for Women and Families, the concept of unrealistic ideal beauty in the society causes teenagers to “want to fit the mold” (Ulene, 2009).It is undeniable that physical attractiveness helps in social acceptance and also increases the popularity...