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Positive Effects Of The British Colonization Of India

1625 words - 7 pages

Many positive things happened during, and as a result of, the British colonization of India. When the East India Company took control of India in 1612, they began modernizing, westernizing, and industrializing India. This westernization included giving women more rights, an attempt to eliminate the caste system and the loss of many of the more backward Hindu religious beliefs such as the domination of women by men and denying an entire class of people any rights. British occupation also did things long term for India. The modern technology and western customs allowed India to become a burgeoning regional superpower. The colonization of India was helpful for India because it went a long way to modernize India, westernized India in government and equality, and allowed India to be a successful country it is today.
When the East India Company colonized India, it was very much technologically backward. The introduction of British technology and customs changed all that. When the British East India Company took control of India they brought with them modern technology. They began setting up infrastructure. They build roads, and railroads to carry goods and people all around India. They also brought with them modern farming techniques which made Indian farmers more efficient and productive. These were undoubtedly positive developments for India.
Along with modern industry came western education, at the time it was the best in the world. The investment in the education of the Indians by both the British and the Indians gave India a leg up on other developing nations of the time. When the British settled in India, almost immediately English schools began popping up, at first British schools were only for the children of the British. Eventually Indians began attending British schools, learning about modern technology, science, political theory, and, possibly most importantly, learning to speak English. Some of these students, such as the political activist Mahatma Gandhi, were able to travel England to study at some of the most prestigious universities in the world. It is a fact that to be a successful, innovative country you need an educated population base; the building of these British schools facilitated this.
The westernization of India was beneficial to India. The most influential thing was the introduction of Enlightenment ideas and a western-style democracies; which has proven to be one of the most successful models in history. This made them one of the most effective colonies and post colonial countries. One of the best examples of western political thought surfacing in India was the formation of the Indian National Congress. The Indian National Congress was made up of western-educated Indians, who had been taught the ways of the enlightenment. They initially advocated for self-rule within the British Empire. After the Amritsar Massacre in which the soldiers hired by the East India Trading Company fired on unarmed protesters, they began...

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